|Birth||3 October 1848 (Toulouse)|
|Death||12 July 1894 (Red Sea)|
Enrique de Borbón y Castellví, 2nd Duke of Seville (Spanish: Don Enrique Pio Maria Francisco de Paula Luis Antonio de Borbón y Castellví, Duque de Sevilla; 3 October 1848 – 12 July 1894), was a Spanish aristocrat who became the second Duke of Seville. He was the eldest son of the controversial Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville, grandson of Charles IV of Spain and younger brother of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, King consort of Isabella II of Spain. Despite his family ties, Enrique was never entitled Infante of Spain, due to the unequal marriage of his parents, which did not receive approval from Queen Isabella II.
Enrique was born at Toulouse, France, the first child of Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville (1823–1870), (son of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and Princess Luisa Carlotta of Naples and Sicily) and his wife, Elena María de Castellvi y Shelly (1821–1863), (daughter of Antonio de Padua de Castellvi y Fernández de Córdoba, Count of Castellá and Margarita Shelly). His mother was of Valencian and Irish ancestry. His parents' marriage was not approved by Queen Isabella II and they were married in secret in Rome. Once returned to Spain, the couple were exiled to Bayonne, and later they settled in Toulouse. He had four brothers and one sister.
His early years were spent between Spain and France. On 12 March 1870, his father challenged, Antoine, Duke of Montpensier to a duel. The duel, ended in the shooting and death of his father. Enrique refused to accept the 30,000 pesetas that the Duke of Montepensier offered to pay as compensation. He and his siblings were adopted by his uncle, Francis.
Like his brothers, Enrique proved to have good military skills. Initially, they joined the Carlist army, but after the restoration of the monarchy he joined the army of his cousin, Alfonso XII.
Enrique, also a friend of Alfonso XII, did not always maintain a good relationship with the latter's widow, Queen Maria Christina, for opposing the appointment of Maria Christina as Regent of Spain. For his attitude, he was imprisoned and deprived of his rank, but managed to escape to Marseille, and thereafter, he refused to return to Madrid.
Years later, he was rehabilitated and able to return to Spain, but uncomfortable with his position at court, he was sent to the Spanish East Indies (now the Philippines, then a Spanish colony) as governor of Tayabas Province.
Marriage and family
During the exile of his family, he met Joséphine Parade (1840–1939), daughter of Jean Parade. They married in San Fernando de Jarama (now San Fernando de Henares) on 5 November 1870.
They had three daughters:
- María Luisa de Borbón y Parade, 3rd Duchess of Seville (4 April 1868–1919/1945/1946), was the 3rd Duchess of Seville. Born two years before her parent's marriage, she always experienced the stigma of illegitimacy. Her mother asked, after the death of Enrique, for the exclusion of María Luisa from the succession to the dukedom. She married in London in 1894 with a Catalan, Juan Monclus y Cabanellas, and returned to Spain. In 1919 she ceded, under pressure, the title to her youngest sister Enriqueta. She had no issue.
- Marta de Borbón y Parade (3 May 1880 – 19 March 1928), died unmarried and without issue, but it is said that a marriage was suggested between her and a Prince of the House of Orléans, which her father hated. He strongly opposed the union because the Duke of Montpensier had killed his father in a duel in 1870.
- Enriqueta de Borbón y Parade, 4th Duchess of Seville (28 June 1885–1968), was the 4th Duchess of Seville. In 1907, she married her first cousin, Francisco de Borbón y de la Torre. Their grandson, Francisco de Borbón y Escasany, is the current Duke of Seville.
Enrique died in 1894 on board the steamer Montevideo on the Red Sea as a result of an illness contracted in the colonies, while returning to Spain.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 3 October 1848 – 12 March 1870: Don Enrique de Borbón y Castellví
- 12 March 1870 – 12 July 1894: The Most Excellent The Duke of Seville
- Knight of the Order of Saint-Hubert
|Ancestors of Enrique de Borbón y Castellví, 2nd Duke of Seville|
Notes and sources
- Genealogics - Leo van de Pas - Don Enrique de Borbón y Castellvi, Duque de Sevilla
- thePeerage.com - Enrique de Borbón y de Castellvi, Duque de Sevilla
- The Royal House of Stuart, London, 1969, 1971, 1976, Addington, A. C., Reference: II 95
- Mateos Sáinz de Medrano, Ricardo. Nobleza Obliga. La Esfera de Los Libros, 2006. ISBN 84-9734-467-7.
|Preceded by |
Infante Enrique of Spain
|Duke of Seville |
|Succeeded by |
María Luisa de Borbón y Parade