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Emperor Chongzong of Western Xia

Emperor Chongzong of Western Xia

Emperor of the Western Xia Dynasty
Emperor Chongzong of Western Xia
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Emperor of the Western Xia Dynasty
A.K.A. Li Qianshun, Shèngwéndì, Shengwendi
Was Emperor
From China
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 1084
Death 1139 (aged 55 years)
Family
Mother: Empress Liang (Emperor Huizong's wife)
Father: Emperor Huizong of Western Xia
Siblings: 察哥
Spouse:
Children: Emperor Renzong of Western Xia李仁爱
The details

Biography

Emperor Chongzong 崇宗 (1084–1139), born Li Qianshun 李乾順, was the 4th emperor of the Western Xia (reigned 1086–1139). His reign began at the age of three, when his father Li Bingchang died. He remained under the regency of the Dowager Empress Madame Liang until she was poisoned in 1099 by a Liao envoy.

Li's reign included further sinification and removed the power of some significant Tangut clans, which had remained a powerful political force—appointing tribal leaders as kings, forcing them under his power and influence. His reign saw incursions by the surrounding Liao- and Song-ruled nations, and a series of military defeats from 1114. He established Confucianist-led administration for several political quarters including civil and military, centralising his power. Buddhism was prevalent during his reign, and the scriptures were translated to the Tangut language.

His era names were:

  • Tiānyízhìpíng (天儀治平) 1086–1089
  • Tiānyòumín'ān (天祐民安) 1090–1097
  • Yǒng'ān (永安) 1098–1100
  • Zhēnguān (貞觀) 1101–1113
  • Yōngníng (雍寧) 1114–1118
  • Yuándé (元德) 1119–1127
  • Zhèngdé (正德) 1127–1134
  • Dàdé (大德) 1135–1139
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Huìzōng
Emperor of the Western Xia Dynasty
1086–1139
Succeeded by
Emperor Rénzōng
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 06 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Song/xixia-arts.html
http://www.uglychinese.org/xixia.htm
http://kepping.net/pdfs/works/Liangzhou_Bilingual_Stele.pdf
http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Song/xixia-event.html
http://www.san.beck.org/AB3-China.html
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