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Emmanouil Zymvrakakis (army general)

Emmanouil Zymvrakakis (army general)

Greek army general
Emmanouil Zymvrakakis (army general)
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Greek army general
Was Military personnel
From Greece
Type Military
Gender male
Birth 1 January 1861, Nauplion, Peloponnese Region, Greece
Death 1 January 1928, Athens, Athens Municipality, Central Athens Regional Unit, Attica Region (aged 67 years)
Peoplepill ID emmanouil-zymvrakakis-1
The details

Biography

Emmanouil Zymvrakakis (Greek: Εμμανουήλ Ζυμβρακάκης, 1861–1928) was a Greek army officer who rose to the rank of Lieutenant General, and was distinguished in World War I.

Biography

He was born to the expatriate Cretan Charalambos Zymvrakakis in Nafplio in 1861. He graduated the Hellenic Army Academy and was named 2nd Lieutenant in 1881, and went on to continue his studies at Orléans in France. In 1897, he volunteered for and fought in the Cretan Revolt. He later became an active member of the Military League, and it was he who suggested, following the Goudi coup, to call upon the Cretan Eleftherios Venizelos to come to Greece. Subsequently he served as adjutant to King George I of Greece, was appointed as CO of the newly raised 11th Infantry Division at Thessaloniki in late 1913 and raised to the rank of Major General on 8 December 1914. A close friend and supporter of Venizelos, he was instrumental in the revolt that led to the establishment of the pro-Venizelist and pro-Allied "State of National Defence" in northern Greece during World War I. He led the first Greek units on the Macedonian front, and commanded the Greek forces in the Battle of Skra-di-Legen in May 1918. Subsequently he was tasked with the occupation of Western and Eastern Thrace, territories that had been ceded to Greece from Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire respectively. In the latter case he defeated the resistance offered by the remaining Ottoman forces in the region. Following the electoral defeat of the Venizelists in 1920, he was dismissed from his post. He died in Athens in 1928.

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