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Elisa von der Recke

Elisa von der Recke German poet

German poet
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German poet
A.K.A. Elisabeth von der Recke
Was Poet Writer
From Latvia Germany
Type Literature
Gender female
Birth 20 May 1754, Courland, Latvia
Death 13 April 1833, Dresden, Germany (aged 78 years)
Star sign TaurusTaurus
Family
Father: Johann Friedrich von Medem
Spouse: George Peter Magnus von der Recke
The details
Biography

Elisabeth "Elisa" Charlotte Constanzia von der Recke (née von Medem; 20 May 1754 – 13 April 1833) was a Baltic German writer and poet.

Family

Elisa von der Recke was born in Schönberg, Skaistkalne parish, Courland, the daughter of Graf (later Reichsgraf) Johann Friedrich von Medem and his wife, Luise Dorothea von Korff. Her younger half-sister was Dorothea von Medem, for whom she carried out diplomatic work. In 1771 she married Kammerherr Georg Peter Magnus von der Recke, living with him at Neuenburg Castle (now Jaunpils Castle). She separated from him in 1776 and divorced in 1781. Their daughter, Frederika von der Recke, died in 1777.

Life

In 1787 her first book, Nachricht von des berüchtigten Cagliostro Aufenthalt in Mitau im Jahre 1779 und dessen magischen Operationen, a memoir-exposé of the months when she studied magic with "Count" Alessandro di Cagliostro, made a great impact right across Europe, with Catherine the Great even granting Elisa lands in Russia in recognition of the work (making Elisa financially independent). She got to know Goethe, Schiller, Wieland, Herder and other European literary figures, and intensified their relationships through prolific correspondence.

From 1798 she lived almost exclusively in Dresden, and from 1804 cohabited there with her friend Christoph August Tiedge. Their meetings were religio-sentimentalist in tone, with the singing of chorales by Johann Gottlieb Naumann. Her works consisted mainly of pietist-sentimentalist poems, journals and memoirs.

Elisa von der Recke looked after thirteen foster daughters. She died in Dresden and is buried at the Innerer Neustädter Friedhof [de] in Dresden.

Works

  • Nachricht von des berüchtigten Cagliostro Aufenthalt in Mitau im Jahre 1779 und dessen magischen Operationen, 1787
  • Johann Lorenz Blessig (Hrsg.): Leben des Grafen Johann Friedrich von Medem nebst seinem Briefwechsel hauptsächlich mit der Frau Kammerherrinn von der Recke, seiner Schwester, 1792 (Digitalisat)
  • Familien=Scenen oder Entwickelungen auf dem Masquenballe, ca. 1794, published in 1826 (Digitalisat)
  • Über Naumann, den guten Menschen und großen Künstler, article in Neuen Deutschen Merkur, 1803

Posthumously published

  • Geistliche Lieder, Gebete und religiöse Betrachtungen, Teubner, Leipzig 1841
  • Elisa von der Recke. Band 1. Aufzeichnungen und Briefe aus ihren Jugendtagen, hrsg. von Paul Rachel, 2. Auflage 1902
  • Elisa von der Recke. Band 2. Tagebücher und Briefe aus ihren Wanderjahren, hrsg. von Paul Rachel, 1902
  • Herzensgeschichten einer baltischen Edelfrau. Erinnerungen und Briefe, Lutz, Stuttgart 1921
  • Tagebücher und Selbstzeugnisse, hrsg. v. Christine Träger, Köhler und Amelang, Leipzig / Beck, München 1984, ISBN 3-406-30196-7
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Reference sources
References
http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?PPN539989223
http://www.goethezeitportal.de/index.php?id=287
https://portal.dnb.de/opac.htm?method=simpleSearch&cqlMode=true&query=idn%3D118743627
https://web.archive.org/web/20060510203745/http://litlinks.it/r/recke_elisa.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20110719085538/http://dresden.stadtwiki.de/wiki/Elisa_von_der_Recke
http://sophie.byu.edu/node/3290
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/90187164
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb119305047
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb119305047
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118743627
http://isni.org/isni/0000000110413624
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