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Eleanor de Guzmán

Eleanor de Guzmán

Castilian noble
The basics
Quick Facts
Gender female
Birth January 1, 1310 (Seville, Comarca Metropolitana de Sevilla, Seville Province, Andalusia)
Death January 1, 1351 (Talavera de la Reina, Toledo Province, Castile-La Mancha, Spain)
Family
Father: Pedro Núñez de Guzmán
Children: Henry II of CastileFadrique AlfonsoLord of HaroTello de CastillaLord of Aguilar de CampooSancho Alfonso1st Count of AlburquerquePedro de AguilarSancho Alfonso de CastillaJuan Alfonso de CastillaJuana Alfonso de CastillaPedro Alfonso de Castilla
Eleanor de Guzmán
The details
Biography

Eleanor de Guzman born Leonor Núñez de Guzmán Ponce de León and later on, Vda. De de Velasco (1310–1351) was a Castilian noblewoman and long-term mistress to Alfonso XI of Castile. She was the mother of King Henry II of Castile.

Life

Eleanor was the daughter of nobleman Pedro Núñez de Guzmán and his wife, Beatriz Ponce de León, a great-granddaughter of King Alfonso IX of León. Her parents married Eleanor off as a young girl to Juan de Velasco.

Eleanor's husband died in 1328, at twenty years old. Soon thereafter, in Seville she met King Alfonso XI. He was so impressed by her beauty that he made her his mistress. He preferred Eleanor to his wife Maria of Portugal, daughter of Alfonso IV of Portugal, whom he married in 1328. After Maria's son and heir, the future Peter of Castile, was born in 1334, Alfonso left Maria and lived with Eleanor instead. The humiliated queen resented her unfaithful husband and asked him to cease his public displays of preference for his mistress. The king ignored his wife's pleas, and gave Eleanor Huelva, Tordesillas, and Medina-Sidonia in addition to other holdings. He also established Eleanor's household in Seville where she was allowed to hear political matters. The court was increasingly troubled by Alfonso's behavior and as a result, the Pope intervened by forcing Portugal to invade Castile.

The King died on 27 March 1350 and was succeeded by his heir Peter and his wife Maria who served as regent. Maria had not forgotten the myriad slights that she had endured because of her husband's love for his mistress. Thirsting for revenge, Maria imprisoned Eleanor, and later ordered the execution of her rival in 1351 in the Arab castle of Abderrahman III of Talavera de la Reina. Eleanor's death only exacerbated the rift within the royal family. Eleanor's son Henry and Maria's son Peter continued to fight one another for control of Castile. Henry eventually won and was crowned King of Castile.

Children

  • Pedro Alfonso, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1330–1338)
  • Juana Alfonso, 1st Lady of Trastámara (born 1330)
  • Sancho Alfonso, 1st Lord of Ledesma (1331–1343)
  • Henry II of Castile (1334–1379)
  • Fadrique Alfonso, Master of the Order of Santiago and 1st Lord of Haro (1334–1358)
  • Fernando Alfonso, 2nd Lord of Ledesma
  • Tello Alfonso, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1337–1370)
  • Juan Alfonso, 1st Lord of Badajoz and Jerez de la Frontera (1341–1359)
  • Sancho Alfonso, 1st Count of Alburquerque (1342–1374)
  • Pedro Alfonso (1345–1359)

Eleanor was a common ancestor to the Catholic Monarchs. Three of Eleanor's sons, Henry II of Castile, Fadrique Alfonso and Sancho Alfonso, 1st Count of Alburquerque were ancestors of Ferdinand II of Aragon. In addition, Isabella I of Castile, wife of Ferdinand II of Aragon was descended from both Eleanor and Maria, as follows: Henry II of Castile's grandson, Henry III of Castile, married Peter of Castile's granddaughter, Catherine of Lancaster; their son, John II of Castile, was the father of Isabella I of Castile.

Ancestors

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