Elbert George Mathews (November 24, 1910 – October 31, 1977) was an American diplomat.
Mathews was born on November 24, 1910 in Troy, New York to parents Samuel Blumenthal and Anna Margare Mathews.
Mathews was the United States Vice Consul to Vancouver from 1935 to 1936. He held the same position in Sydney from 1937 to 1940 and Kabul from 1943 to 1946. Mathews was the United States Consul to Calcutta from 1946 to 1947 and the United States Consul General in Istanbul from 1951 to 1952. Mathews was appointed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to the position of United States Ambassador to Liberia on August 12, 1959. The presentation of his credentials occurred on September 30, 1959. He remained in this position until May 4, 1962. Mathews was appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson to the position of United States Ambassador to Nigeria on March 10, 1964. The presentation of his credentials occurred on April 11, 1964. He remained in this position until July 26, 1969.
Mathews married Maomi Pearl Meffert on August 20, 1934. Mathews at some point resided in California.
Mathews died on October 31, 1977 in Washington, D.C.. Mathews was interred at Rock Creek Cemetery in Washington, D.C.