|Occupations||Politician Naturalist Ornithologist|
|A.K.A.||Edward Smith Stanley, Edward Smith-Stanley, Edward Stanley|
|Birth||April 21, 1775 (Greater London, London, England, United Kingdom)|
|Death||June 30, 1851|
|Education||Eton College, Trinity College|
|Authority||ISNI id Library of congress id VIAF id|
Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby KG (21 April 1775 – 30 June 1851), styled Lord Stanley from 1776 to 1832 and known as The Lord Stanley from 1832 to 1834, was an English politician, peer, landowner, builder, farmer, art collector, and naturalist. The Derbyan parakeet, Psittacula derbiana, is named after him. An Australian species of parrot was also named for man, firstly as an honour in the epithet Platycercus stanleyii by Nicholas Vigorswhen he was Lord Stanley in 1830, and compensated with an appellation to the vernacular, styled as 'The Earl of Derby’s Parrakeet', by the author John Gould, when reporting in the sixth volume of his magnus opus, the gloriously illustrated Birds of Australia, the regrettable circumstances of this commemoration in a systematic name was found to have been invalid, due to the pre-existence of a published description for the species, given the specific epithet icterotis, that was compelled to be elevated by virtue of its priority, due to the inviolable laws of precedence in deliberations on biological nomenclature.
He was the 1st child and only son of Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby and Elizabeth Hamilton, daughter of James Hamilton, 6th Duke of Hamilton.
On 10 November 1796 he was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Lancashire. He was commissioned the colonel of the 1st Battalion of the Lancashire Supplementary Militia on 1 March 1797; this regiment subsequently became the 2nd Regiment Royal Lancashire Militia. He was breveted as a colonel in the regular Army with seniority from that date, retaining the rank until his regiment was disembodied, which occurred at the end of 1799. He resigned his commission as colonel on 13 April 1847.
On 30 June 1798 he married Charlotte Margaret Hornby, daughter of Reverend Geoffrey Hornby, with whom he fathered future Prime Minister Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby.
After receiving his education at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge, Lord Stanley was Member of Parliament for Preston and Lancashire from 1796 to 1832, when he was ennobled as Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe, of Bickerstaffe in the County Palatine of Lancaster. In 1834 he succeeded his father as 13th Earl of Derby and withdrew from politics, instead concentrating on his natural history collection at Knowsley Hall, near Liverpool. He had a large collection of living animals: at his death there were 1,272 birds and 345 mammals at Knowsley, shipped to England by explorers such as Joseph Burke.
Lord Derby was also the patron of the writer Edward Lear.
Many of Derby's collections are now housed in Liverpool museum. From 1828 to 1833 he was President of the Linnean Society.