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Eduard Spranger

Eduard Spranger

German psychologist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German psychologist
Countries Germany
Occupations Pedagogue Psychologist Author Philosopher University teacher
A.K.A. Edward Spranger
Gender male
Birth June 27, 1882 (Groß-Lichterfelde)
Death September 17, 1963 (Tübingen)
The details
Biography

Eduard Spranger (27 June 1882 – 17 September 1963) was a German philosopher and psychologist. A student of Wilhelm Dilthey, Spranger was born in Berlin and died in Tübingen. He was considered a humanist who developed a philosophical pedagogy as an act of 'self defense' against the psychology-oriented experimental theory of the times.

Thought

Spranger evaluated personalities in terms of six ideals or value orientations; theoretical, economic, aesthetic, social political and religious "types" of personality traits.

Spranger contributed to the pedagogy of personality theory, in his book Types of Men His value attitudes were:

  • The Theoretical, whose dominant interest is the discovery of truth
  • The Economic, who is interested in what is useful
  • The Aesthetic, whose highest value is form and harmony
  • The Social, whose highest value is love of people
  • The Political, whose interest is primarily in power
  • The Religious, whose highest value is unity

Those six in more detail are:

Theoretical: A passion to discover, systemize and analyze; a search for knowledge.

Utilitarian: A passion to gain a return on all investments involving time, money and resources.

Aesthetic: A passion to experience impressions of the world and achieve form and harmony in life; self-actualization.

Social: A passion to invest myself, my time, and my resources into helping others achieve their potential.

Individualistic: A passion to achieve position and to use that position to affect and influence others.

Traditional: A passion to seek out and pursue the highest meaning in life, in the divine or the ideal, and achieve a system for living. This instrument is sometimes offered along with the DISC assessment.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX1080150
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12159373v
http://isni.org/isni/0000000117453047
http://purl.org/pressemappe20/folder/pe/016886
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w67w917x
http://www.brianroat.com/Advisors_Study-w-Exhibits.pdf
http://www.genealogy.ams.org/id.php?id=20748
http://www.hfr.org.uk/figures/spranger.htm
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=jo2002113592&CON_LNG=ENG
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12159373v
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118616390
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