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Eduard Herzog

Eduard Herzog Swqiss bishop

Swqiss bishop
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Swqiss bishop
Countries Switzerland Sweden
Occupations Priest Educator
Type Academia Religion
Gender male
Birth 1 August 1841 (Schongau, Canton of Lucerne, Switzerland)
Death 26 March 1924 (Bern, Bern-Mittelland administrative district, Canton of Bern, Switzerland)
Star sign LeoLeo
The details

Eduard Herzog (August 1, 1841 – March 26, 1924) was a Swiss Catholic theologian and cleric who was a native of Schongau, Canton Lucerne. He was the first Christian Catholic bishop of Switzerland.

He studied theology under Karl Joseph von Hefele (1809-1893) at the University of Tübingen, and in 1866 continued his studies at the University of Freiburg. During the following year he received his ordination, and in 1868 began teaching classes at the school of theology in Lucerne. During the Franco-Prussian War he served as a field minister in the Bernese Jura during the summer of 1870.

In reaction to the First Vatican Council's decision regarding papal infallibility, he expressed his opinions of opposition at the Old Catholic Congress at Cologne in September-1872. Shortly afterwards he served as an "Old Catholic" parish priest in Krefeld, and in March-1873 started serving as priest in Olten. In 1876 he became pastor at the Church of St. Peter and Paul in Bern, as well as professor at the newly established Old Catholic Faculty of the University of Bern.

In June 1876 he was appointed the first Christian Catholic Church bishop of Switzerland, and on September 18, 1876 was consecrated at Rheinfelden by Joseph Hubert Reinkens (1821-1896). Later that year, he was officially excommunicated by Pope Pius IX.

Herzog died in Bern.

Selected publications

  • Über Religionsfreiheit in der helvetischen Republik (About Religious Freedom in the Helvetic Republic); (1884)
  • Leo XIII. als Retter der gesellschaftlichen Ordnung (Leo XIII. As Savior of the Social Order); (1888)
  • Beiträge zur Vorgeschichte der christkatholischen Kirche der Schweiz (Contributions to the History of the Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland); (1896)
  • Predigten und Hirtenbriefe (Sermons and Pastoral Letters), (1886-1901, three volumes)
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