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Eduard, Duke of Anhalt

Eduard, Duke of Anhalt

Last ruling Duke of Anhalt
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Last ruling Duke of Anhalt
A.K.A. Eduard, Eduard Georg Wilhelm
Gender male
Birth April 18, 1861 (Dessau, Dessau-Roßlau, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany)
Death September 13, 1918 (Berchtesgaden, Berchtesgadener Land, Upper Bavaria, Bavaria)
Mother: Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg
Father: Frederick IDuke of Anhalt
Spouse: Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg
Children: Princess Marie-Auguste of AnhaltJoachim ErnstDuke of Anhalt
The details

Eduard Georg Wilhelm, Duke of Anhalt (German: Herzog Eduard Georg Wilhelm von Anhalt) (18 April 1861 – 13 September 1918) was a German prince of the House of Ascania and the penultimate ruler of the Duchy of Anhalt from April to September 1918.

Early life

Eduard was born at Dessau, the capital of the Duchy, in 1861 as the third son of Duke Friedrich I of Anhalt (1831–1904) and his wife Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg (1838–1908). As Eduard's eldest brother, Leopold, died without male offspring in 1886, and the next brother, Frederick, had no issue, Eduard became heir apparent and Hereditary Prince following the death of their father, Duke Friedrich I, in 1904.


Eduard succeeded his brother Duke Friedrich II of Anhalt on April 21, 1918, but his brief reign came to an end five months later with his own death on 13 September 1918. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son Prince Joachim Ernst under the regency of Eduard's younger brother, Prince Aribert.

Marriage and children

Duke Eduard married Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg (1873–1953) in Altenburg on 6 February 1895. She was a daughter of Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg and his wife Princess Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen. They had six children before divorcing in 1918.

  • Princess Friederike of Anhalt (1896-1896)
  • Prince Leopold of Anhalt (1897–1898)
  • Princess Marie-Auguste of Anhalt (1898–1983) married Prince Joachim of Prussia
  • Prince Joachim Ernst of Anhalt (1901–1947)
  • Prince Eugen of Anhalt (1903–1980) married Anastasia Jungmeier (1901–1970)
    • Princess Anastasia of Anhalt (born 1940) married Maria Emanuel, Margrave of Meissen
  • Prince Wolfgang of Anhalt (1912–1936)


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