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Eberhard II, Count of Württemberg

Eberhard II, Count of Württemberg

Count of Württemberg
The basics
Quick Facts
Occupations Aristocrat
Countries Germany
A.K.A. Eberhard II
Gender male
Birth 1315
Death March 15, 1392 (Stuttgart)
Family
Father: Ulrich IIICount of Württemberg
Siblings: Ulrich IVCount of Württemberg
Spouse: Elizabeth von Henneberg-Schleusingen
Children: Ulrich of WürttembergSophie of Württemberg
The details
Biography

Eberhard II, called "der Greiner" (the Jarrer) (after 1315 – 15 March 1392, Stuttgart), Count of Württemberg from 1344 until 1392.

Eberhard II was son of Count Ulrich III of Württemberg and Sofie of Pfirt. He married Countess Elizabeth von Henneberg-Schleusingen on September 17, 1342.

Marriage and issue

They had two children:

  • Ulrich, who was killed in the victorious battle of Döffingen and married Elisabeth of Bavaria, daughter of Louis IV. They were the parents of his successor Eberhard III.
  • Sophie (1343–1369), who married in 1361 John I, Duke of Lorraine.

From the beginning of his regency in 1344 up to 1361 he reigned together with his brother Ulrich IV, whom he forced to sign a treaty which confirmed the inseparability of Württemberg. Soon afterwards Ulrich IV renounced his co-rule on May 1, 1362. To strengthen his might and to enlarge the territory of Württemberg Eberhard II joined several pacts and clashes with Emperor Charles IV. As a result, he and his brother received extra privileges, for example a sole jurisdiction, which gave more autonomy to the County of Württemberg.

A sensation was created 1367 by the assault of Count Wolf von Eberstein on Eberhard II and his son Ulrich during their stay "in Wildbad" (presumably Wildbad or Teinach). Both fled and seized Neueberstein Castle immediately with a large number of men. However this siege turned out to be unsuccessful.

During his regency he strongly aligned his policy against the Free Imperial Cities, which stood in the way of the extension of Württemberg's territory. He fought battles against the towns united in the Schwäbischer Städtebund (Swabian City League) in 1376, 1372 in Altheim, 1377 in Reutlingen and 1388 near Döffingen. The result of this was a stalemate which secured the independency of the towns. Nevertheless, the territorial gains during his rule were substantial, for example Böblingen and Calw.

Reception

Eberhard entered literature through Schiller and Uhland.

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References
http://isni.org/isni/0000000078579607
https://d-nb.info/gnd/116321997
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79015102
https://viaf.org/viaf/45570480
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q69359
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/45570480
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