Ebba Lund (22 September 1923 – 21 June 1999) was a Danish Resistance fighter during World War II.
Lund began her resistance work in 1942, two years after the German invasion of Denmark. Her work initially consisted of publishing illegal underground newspapers with her sister. Lund worked for Frit Danmark,the most popular clandestine newspaper.
When the Danish government was dissolved and Nazi Germany took over, Lund joined Holger Danske, a sabotage-oriented Resistance group. The first task was to procure fishing boats to take Jews to Sweden. Safe houses were set up for Jews until they could safely be taken to Sweden, and Lund's own house was used as a safe house. During her rescue operations, Lund became known as the Girl with the Red Cap or Red Riding Hood because of the red hat she woreto signal the Jews to be escorted to look for her. The Resistance did not only aid Jewish individuals, however; they also assisted defecting German soldiers and other Resistance members.
The Holger Danske group helped save 700-800 Jews in only a few weeks by offering means of escape. Lund herself had a hand in about 500 of these missions. Lund managed to escape arrest because, at a time when many of her fellow Resistance workers were being arrested, she was hospitalized with blood poisoning. In 1944, Lund became pregnant and withdrew entirely from Resistance work.
After the war, Lund studied chemical engineering and immunology. She did important research on the polio virus in response to a polio epidemic in Denmark at the time. Lund became the head of the Department of Virology and Immunology at the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University in Copehagen. She was the first female professor at this institution at the time. Lund was an incredibly prolific scientist; she published 124 works in her lifetime, including 84 in English, as well as a lecture series and other content.
In 1975, Lund became a Knight of the Dannebrog and in 1984 was appointed to knight in the first degree. In 1985, Lund received the Ebbe Muncks Award for her service in the Resistance.
Lund died in 1999.