Eugene N. Anderson (born 1941) is a professor of anthropology emeritus at the University of California, Riverside.
Anderson received a B.A. in anthropology from Harvard College in 1962 and a Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of California, Berkeley in 1967. He taught at Riverside from 1966-2006, when he became emeritus. He has worked on cultural anthropology, cultural ecology, ethnobiology, and food and nutrition in China, Pacific Northwest, and the Yucatan (Yucatec Maya).
He was President of the Society of Ethnobiology from 2007-2009 and received the Distinguished Ethnobiologist Award from it in 2013 for his "outstanding contributions" to the field. He has been a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Ethnobiology, Human Ecology, and the Journal of Ecological Anthropology.
He has done field work in Hong Kong, Malaysia, British Columbia, and Quintana Roo.
- 1988 —, The Food of China, Yale University Press
- 2004 Betty B. Faust, E. N. Anderson, and John Frazier (eds.), Rights, Resources, Culture and Conservation in the Land of the Maya, Praeger
- 2005, 2014 —, Everyone Eats, New York University Press
- 2005 E. N. Anderson and Felix Medina, Tzuc: Animals and the Maya in Southeast Mexico, Tucson: University of Arizona Press
- 2005 —, Political Ecology in a Yucatec Maya Community, University of Arizona Press
- 2007 —, Floating World Lost, University Press of the South
- 2008 —, Mayaland Cuisine, Lulu Publishing (online)
- 2010 —, The Pursuit of Ecotopia: Lessons from Indigenous and Traditional Societies for the Human Ecology of Our Modern World, Praeger
- 2012 Barbara A. Anderson and E.N. Anderson, Warning Signs of Genocide, Lexington Books
- 2014 —, Caring for Place, Left Coast Press
- 2014 —, Food and Environment in Early and Medieval China, University of Pennsylvania Press
- 2014 Mark Q. Sutton, E. N. Anderson, Introduction to Cultural Ecology, Altamira Press (3rd ed.)
- 2017 Amber O'Connor, E. N. Anderson, K'oben: 3000 Years of the Maya Hearth, Routledge
- 2019 —, The East Asian World-System: Climate and Dynastic Change, Springer
- 2013, Society of Ethnobiology, Distinguished Ethnobiologist Award
- 1986, American Anthropology Association, Lifetime Member
- 1981, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Fellow