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Duke William Frederick Philip of Württemberg

Duke William Frederick Philip of Württemberg

German duke
Duke William Frederick Philip of Württemberg
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German duke
A.K.A. Guillaume-Frederic-Philippe de Wurtemberg
Was Politician Military personnel
From Germany
Type Military Politics
Gender male
Birth 27 December 1761, Szczecin, Kingdom of Prussia
Death 10 August 1830, Stetten im Remstal, Germany (aged 68 years)
Star sign CapricornCapricorn
Family
Mother: Margravine Friederike of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Father: Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg
Siblings: Frederick I of WürttembergDuke Louis of WürttembergDuke Eugen of Württemberg (1758–1822)Duke Alexander of Württemberg (1771–1833)Duchess Elisabeth of WürttembergDuchess Frederica of WürttembergMaria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg)Duke Ferdinand Frederick Augustus of WürttembergJohann Georg SontheimEnrico Carlo di Württemberg
Children: Wilhelm, Duke of UrachAlexander of Württemberg (1801–1844) August Graf von WürttembergFriedrich August Graf von WürttembergFranz Graf von WürttembergMarie Gräfin von Württemberg
The details

Biography

William Frederick Philip, Duke of Württemberg (27 December 1761, Stettin – 10 August 1830, Schloss von Stetten im Remstal) was a prince of the House of Württemberg and a minister for war.

Early life

William was the fourth son of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg and Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt, eldest daughter of Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt and Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia, a niece of Frederick II of Prussia.

Military career

In 1779 he joined the Royal Danish Army and quickly rose to the rank of Oberst. In 1781 he commanded his own regiment, being promoted to major general in 1783, moved to the Danish Foot Guards in 1785 and promoted to lieutenant general in 1795. In 1801 he became governor of Copenhagen and later the same year faced the Battle of Copenhagen in that role.

In 1806 he paid 10,000 Reichstaler to leave the Danish army. His brother Frederick had just been made king of Württemberg and in Stuttgart made William a field marshal and Württemberg's minister for war. From 1810 to 1821 William temporarily lived in his manor house at Hirrlingen near Rottenburg but more often in the Schloss Stetten in Remstal. On 29 June 1811 he took on Freiherr Friedrich von Phull as vice-president of the War Department (and de facto Minister for War, though William remained minister de jure until 1815).

In 1815, on leaving office, William shifted to studying science and successfully practised as a physician. In 1817 the University of Tübingen awarded him an honorary degree in medicine. As a member of the royal house of Württemberg, William also held a seat in the Kammer der Standesherren (House of Lords) of the Württembergische Landstände parliament from 1819 to his death in 1830.

Marriage and issue

William's wife Wilhelmine von Tunderfeld-Rhodis

On 23 August 1800, in Coswig, Frederick married one of his mother's ladies in waiting, Wilhelmine Freiin von Tunderfeld-Rhodis (1777–1822), daughter of Baron Karl August Wilhelm von Tunderfeld-Rhodis. She was a scion of a military family from Sweden, originally from the Baltic.

The couple had six children, only three of whom reached adulthood:

  • Count Alexander of Württemberg (1801–1844), poet
    ∞ Helene, Countess Festetics (1812–1886), daughter of Ladislas Graf Festetics of Tolna
  • August (1805–1808)
  • Wilhelm, 1st Duke of Urach, Count of Württemberg (1810–1869)
    ∞ (I.) Théodolinde de Beauharnais (1814–1857); ∞ (II.) Florestine of Monaco (1833–1897)
  • Friedrich August (1811–1812)
  • Franz (1814–1824)
  • Marie, Countess of Württemberg (1815–1866) ∞ Wilhelm, Count of Taubenheim (1805–1894)

Since this was a morganatic marriage, on 1 August 1801 William renounced his descendants' claim to the throne of Württemberg. This had an effect in 1921 on the death of William II of Württemberg, when his descendants were excluded from inheriting, but by then the Kingdom of Württemberg had itself been superseded.

Ancestry

16. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
16. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
8. Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental
17. Wild- and Rhinegravine Anna Katharina of Salm-Kyrburg
4. Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg
18. Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
9. Margravine Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach
19. Countess Sophie Margarete of Oettingen-Oettingen
2. Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg
20. Eugen Alexander Franz, Prince of Thurn and Taxis
10. Anselm Franz, Prince of Thurn and Taxis
21. Princess Anna Adelheid of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg
5. Princess Marie Auguste of Thurn and Taxis
22. Ferdinand August, Prince of Lobkowicz
11. Princess Maria Ludovika of Lobkowicz
23. Princess Maria Anna of Baden-Baden
1. Duke William Frederick Philip of Württemberg
24. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
12. Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt
25. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
6. Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt
26. John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
13. Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau
27. Countess Henriette Catherine of Nassau
3. Princess Friederike of Brandenburg-Schwedt
28. Frederick I of Prussia
14. Frederick William I of Prussia
29. Princess Sophia Charlotte of Hanover
7. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
30. George I of Great Britain
15. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
31. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Celle
16. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
8. Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental
17. Wild- and Rhinegravine Anna Katharina of Salm-Kyrburg
4. Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg
18. Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
9. Margravine Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach
19. Countess Sophie Margarete of Oettingen-Oettingen
2. Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg
20. Eugen Alexander Franz, Prince of Thurn and Taxis
10. Anselm Franz, Prince of Thurn and Taxis
21. Princess Anna Adelheid of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg
5. Princess Marie Auguste of Thurn and Taxis
22. Ferdinand August, Prince of Lobkowicz
11. Princess Maria Ludovika of Lobkowicz
23. Princess Maria Anna of Baden-Baden
1. Duke William Frederick Philip of Württemberg
24. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
12. Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt
25. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
6. Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt
26. John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
13. Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau
27. Countess Henriette Catherine of Nassau
3. Princess Friederike of Brandenburg-Schwedt
28. Frederick I of Prussia
14. Frederick William I of Prussia
29. Princess Sophia Charlotte of Hanover
7. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
30. George I of Great Britain
15. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
31. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Celle
8. Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental
17. Wild- and Rhinegravine Anna Katharina of Salm-Kyrburg
4. Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg
18. Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
9. Margravine Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach
19. Countess Sophie Margarete of Oettingen-Oettingen
2. Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg
20. Eugen Alexander Franz, Prince of Thurn and Taxis
10. Anselm Franz, Prince of Thurn and Taxis
21. Princess Anna Adelheid of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg
5. Princess Marie Auguste of Thurn and Taxis
22. Ferdinand August, Prince of Lobkowicz
11. Princess Maria Ludovika of Lobkowicz
23. Princess Maria Anna of Baden-Baden
1. Duke William Frederick Philip of Württemberg
24. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
12. Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt
25. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
6. Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt
26. John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
13. Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau
27. Countess Henriette Catherine of Nassau
3. Princess Friederike of Brandenburg-Schwedt
28. Frederick I of Prussia
14. Frederick William I of Prussia
29. Princess Sophia Charlotte of Hanover
7. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
30. George I of Great Britain
15. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
31. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Celle

Honours

  • Grand Cross of the Order of the Württemberg Crown
  • Grand Cross of the Württemberg Military Merit Order
  • 1803 Knights' Cross of the Danish Order of the Elephant
  • Grand Cross of the French Legion of Honour
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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