Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
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Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin by birth, and by marriage Princess of Denmark

Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin by birth, and by marriage Princess of Denmark
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin by birth, and by marriage Princess of Denmark
Countries Denmark
Occupations Princess Noble
Type Royals
Gender female
Birth 24 August 1758 (Schwerin)
Death 29 November 1794 (Sorgenfri Palace, Rome)
Mother: Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Father: Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Spouse: FrederickHereditary Prince of Denmark
Children: Christian VIII of DenmarkPrincess Louise Charlotte of DenmarkPrincess Juliane Sophie of DenmarkFerdinandHereditary Prince of Denmark
The details

Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (24 August 1758 – 29 November 1794) was a Princess and Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and by marriage Hereditary Princess of Denmark and Norway.

Family, early life

Duchess Sophia Frederica and her brother Duke Frederick, by Georg David Matthieu, 1764.
Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg, by Georg David Matthieu, 1765.

Born in Schwerin, she was the only daughter of Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, second son of Christian Louis II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Her only sibling was Frederick, who was about two years older.


On 21 October 1774 in Copenhagen, she married Hereditary Prince Frederick of Denmark and Norway, the son of King Frederick V of Denmark and his second wife Juliane Marie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, who was the regent in Denmark between 1772 and 1784. She was sixteen years old when she was married.

Sophia Frederica, known as Sofie Frederikke af Mecklenburg-Schwerin in Denmark, was described as jolly, charming and intelligent. She had a hard time in the beginning adapting to her new, stiffer environment, but became quite popular. During the first ten years of her marriage (1774-1784), she gave birth to three daughters, the eldest two were stillborn and the third lived only five months; it was only in 1786 when she had the first of her living children, the future King Christian VIII.

It is said she was disappointed when she met her husband for the first time, but they came to be fond of each other, although they both supposedly took lovers; her husband had a mistress, her companion Caja Hviid, while the father of Sophia Frederica's children was rumored to be her husband's adjutant, Frederik von Blücher. It was said that the harmony of their marriage was based on mutual understanding. The harmonious friendship between the spouses created a fear that Sophia Frederica's influence over her husband would lead to her interfering in politics.

She died in Sorgenfri Palace.


Sophia Frederica, Hereditary Princess of Denmark and Norway, with her daughter Juliane, by Jens Juel, 1790.

Sophia Frederica and Prince Frederick had the following children:

  • Stillborn daughter (19 September 1781).
  • Stillborn daughter (17 February 1783).
  • Princess Juliana Marie (2 May 1784 - 28 October 1784), died in infancy.
  • Prince Christian Frederick (18 September 1786 - 20 January 1848), future King Christian VIII.
  • Princess Juliane Sophie (18 February 1788 - 9 May 1850), married in 1812 to William, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld; they had no issue.
  • Princess Louise Charlotte (30 October 1789 - 28 March 1864), married in 1810 to William, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel; they had issue.
  • Hereditary Prince Ferdinand (22 November 1792 - 29 June 1863), married in 1829 to Princess Caroline of Denmark; they no issue.


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