|A.K.A.||Mathilde Ludovika in Bayern|
|Birth||30 September 1843 (Possenhofen, Pocking, Passau, Lower Bavaria)|
|Death||18 June 1925 (Munich, Upper Bavaria, Bavaria, Germany)|
Mathilde Ludovika, Duchess in Bavaria (30 September 1843 – 18 June 1925) was the fourth daughter of Maximilian, Duke in Bavaria and Princess Ludovika of Bavaria. Her mother was the youngest daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria by his second wife Margravine Karoline of Baden.
Born and raised at Possenhofen Castle, Mathilde was a younger sister of (among others) Duke Karl-Theodor in Bavaria, Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria and Duchess Marie Sophie in Bavaria. She was an older sister of (among others) Duchess Sophie in Bavaria.
Marriage & Family
On 5 June 1861, Mathilde married Lodovico, Count of Trani. He was Heir Presumptive to his older half-brother Francis II of the Two Sicilies. Francis was married to her older sister Marie Sophie. The bride was seventeen years old and the groom was twenty-two. They had a single daughter:
- Princess Maria Teresa Maddalena of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (15 January 1867 – 1 May 1909). She married Prince Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.
Allegedly, during the early years of her marriage, Mathilde had an affair with the Spanish diplomat Salvador Bermúdez de Castro, Duke of Ripalda and Santa Lucía, with whom she had a daughter at the Villa Farnesina in Rome:
- Maria Salvadora Bermúdez de Castro (20 January 1864 – 18 September 1945), later Duchess of Santa Lucía. Sent to Brighton immediately after he birth, she was raised by her paternal family and legally adopted by her father only in 1879; she probably never saw her mother. She married Alvaro Pérez de Barradas y Fernández de Cordoba, 12. marqués de Peñaflor.
Two Sicilies Revolution
However, the Two Sicilies were conquered by the Expedition of the Thousand under Giuseppe Garibaldi in 1861. Garibaldi served the Kingdom of Sardinia which was in the process of Italian unification.
Lodovico was still the heir of Francis as head of a deposed Royal House. He retained this position for the rest of his life but predeceased Francis on 8 June 1886. Francis was eventually succeeded by their younger brother Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Mathilde survived her husband by thirty-nine years but never remarried.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 30 September 1843 – 5 June 1861: Her Royal Highness Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria
- 5 June 1861 – 8 June 1886: Her Royal Highness The Countess of Trani, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess in Bavaria
- 8 June 1886 – 18 June 1925: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Countess of Trani, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess in Bavaria
|Ancestors of Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria|