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Duchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Duchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin German princess

German princess
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German princess
A.K.A. Luise Charlotte Herzogin zu Mecklenburg
Was Noble Aristocrat
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender female
Birth 19 November 1779, Schwerin, Germany
Death 4 January 1801, Gotha, Germany (aged 21 years)
Star sign ScorpioScorpio
Family
Mother: Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1756–1808)
Father: Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Siblings: Duchess Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-SchwerinFrederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-SchwerinGustav Wilhelm von Mecklemburg-SchwerinAdolf of Mecklenburg
Spouse: Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Children: Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1800–1831)
The details
Biography

Duchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (19 November 1779 – 4 January 1801) was the maternal grandmother of Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Louise Charlotte was born Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, her father being Friedrich Franz I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Her mother was Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg; her sister Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1784–1840) married King Christian VIII of Denmark.

Life

'Louise Charlotte, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and her husband, by Alexandre Molinari, Galerie Neue Meister, Dresden.

On 1 November 1795, Louise Charlotte was engaged to King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. The engagement was arranged by Gustaf Adolf Reuterholm, the de facto regent of Sweden, who wished to keep his influence after the monarch was declared of legal majority by having a queen indebted to him for her position. The king himself was initially positive; the engagement was celebrated in the courts of Sweden and Mecklenburg and Louise Charlotte was mentioned in the official church prayer in Sweden. Empress Catherine the Great, however, wished her granddaughter Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia to be Queen of Sweden, and displayed dislike of the engagement. Upon this many people told the king that Louise Charlotte, whom he had not seen, was not beautiful. About the same period, the monarch also fell in love with Ebba Modée. When the king was declared of legal majority in 1796, he broke off the engagement. Her father demanded compensation. In 1803, the matter was settled when the Swedish city of Wismar in Germany was turned over to Mecklenburg-Schwerin by a treaty in Malmö.

In Ludwigslust on 21 October 1797 she married Augustus, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, a second cousin on her mother's side. Their common ancestor was Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1676–1732). The marriage was arranged against her will and was an unhappy one: her spouse abused her and she wished to leave him, but was forced by her family to stay. She was described as very blond, not attractive, somewhat hunchbacked but also as witty, talented, cultivated and with a pleasant manner, though more open than what was regarded as an ideal for the period.

Three years later, on 21 December 1800 in Friedenstein Castle around 12.45 pm the Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg gave birth her only child, a daughter, named Louise after her; this daughter later became the wife of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and mother to Prince Albert, Prince consort of Queen Victoria. However, she never recovered from childbirth effects and died eleven days later, on 1 January 1801 at the age of 21, before Augustus assumed the throne of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.

Titles and styles

  • 19 November 1779 – 21 October 1797: Her Highness Duchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • 21 October 1797 – 4 January 1801: Her Highness The Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg

Ancestry

16. Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Grabow
16. Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Grabow
8. Christian Ludwig II, Duke of Mecklenburg
17. Christine Wilhelmine of Hesse-Homburg
4. Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
18. Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg
9. Gustave Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
19. Princess Maria of Mecklenburg-Gustrow
2. Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
20. John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
10. Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
21. Countess Charlotte Johanna of Waldeck-Wildungen
5. Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
22. Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
11. Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
23. Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
1. Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
24. Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
12. Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
25. Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
6. Prince John August of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
26. Karl, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
13. Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
27. Princess Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels
3. Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
28. Heinrich XI, Count Reuss of Schleiz
14. Heinrich I, Count Reuss of Schleiz
29. Johanna Dorothea of Tättenbach-Geilsdorf
7. Countess Louise Reuss of Schleiz
30. Eucharius Kasimir, Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg
15. Countess Juliana Dorothea Louise of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg
31. Countess Juliana Dorothea Luise of Limpurg-Gaildorf
16. Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Grabow
8. Christian Ludwig II, Duke of Mecklenburg
17. Christine Wilhelmine of Hesse-Homburg
4. Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
18. Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg
9. Gustave Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
19. Princess Maria of Mecklenburg-Gustrow
2. Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
20. John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
10. Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
21. Countess Charlotte Johanna of Waldeck-Wildungen
5. Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
22. Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
11. Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
23. Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
1. Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
24. Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
12. Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
25. Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
6. Prince John August of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
26. Karl, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
13. Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
27. Princess Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels
3. Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
28. Heinrich XI, Count Reuss of Schleiz
14. Heinrich I, Count Reuss of Schleiz
29. Johanna Dorothea of Tättenbach-Geilsdorf
7. Countess Louise Reuss of Schleiz
30. Eucharius Kasimir, Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg
15. Countess Juliana Dorothea Louise of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg
31. Countess Juliana Dorothea Luise of Limpurg-Gaildorf
8. Christian Ludwig II, Duke of Mecklenburg
17. Christine Wilhelmine of Hesse-Homburg
4. Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
18. Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg
9. Gustave Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
19. Princess Maria of Mecklenburg-Gustrow
2. Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
20. John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
10. Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
21. Countess Charlotte Johanna of Waldeck-Wildungen
5. Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
22. Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
11. Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
23. Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
1. Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
24. Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
12. Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
25. Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
6. Prince John August of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
26. Karl, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
13. Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
27. Princess Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels
3. Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
28. Heinrich XI, Count Reuss of Schleiz
14. Heinrich I, Count Reuss of Schleiz
29. Johanna Dorothea of Tättenbach-Geilsdorf
7. Countess Louise Reuss of Schleiz
30. Eucharius Kasimir, Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg
15. Countess Juliana Dorothea Louise of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg
31. Countess Juliana Dorothea Luise of Limpurg-Gaildorf
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Reference sources
References
https://d-nb.info/gnd/142807427
https://viaf.org/viaf/160151976
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/160151976
https://web.archive.org/web/20110714194527/http://www.nordicacademicpress.com/o.o.i.s?id=43&vid=860
https://web.archive.org/web/20071109180859/http://historiska-personer.nu/min-s/pf8c1f73f.html
http://runeberg.org/sqvinnor/0274.html
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