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Donald Cunnell

Donald Cunnell

British flying ace
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro British flying ace
Gender male
Birth 1 December 1893
Death 12 July 1917
Donald Cunnell
The details

Donald Charles Cunnell (December 1893 – 12 July 1917) was a British First World War flying ace who was killed in action over Belgium. He is known for having shot down and wounded the Red Baron, Manfred von Richthofen.

Early life

Cunnell was born in December 1893 at Norwich, Norfolk, England, the son of Charles Donald Cunnell and educated at Gresham's School, Holt.

Military career

Cunnell was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Hampshire Regiment on 2 November 1915, and saw active service on the Western Front. On 24 November 1916 he was seconded for duty with the Royal Flying Corps, and appointed a temporary flying officer.

On 1 March 1917 he was promoted to lieutenant. On 14 May 1917 Cunnell was appointed a flight commander with the temporary rank of captain. Between 2 May and 11 July, Cunnell claimed nine victories (five claimed destroyed, four "out of control") flying a FE2d with No 20 Squadron.

The Royal Aircraft Factory FE2d fighter
Richthofen's Albatros D.V after his forced landing

On 6 July 1917, Cunnell, flying with Second Lieutenant Albert Edward Woodbridge was part of a patrol of six aircraft attacked by a flight of German Albatros D.Vs including one flown by Manfred von Richthofen. During the clash Richthofen was wounded in the head and forced to land near Wervicq. The victory was credited to the crew of Cunnell's A6412.

It is often falsely stated that this was the only time Richthofen was shot down in air-to-air combat, overlooking Edwin Benbow's victory over the Red Baron on 6 March 1917. However, this was the only time the Red Baron was wounded in action.

Woodbridge later described the action:

Richthofen's subsequent medical treatment disclosed that the bullet that hit him may have come from behind. Despite Cunnell and Woodbridge's confirmed claim for this aerial victory, Richthofen may have fallen from fire from one of the other FE.2s of 20 Squadron, from being shot down by Raymond Collishaw, or even from one of Collishaw's wingmen from 'B' Flight, 10 Naval Squadron such as William Melville Alexander, Ellis Vair Reid, or Desmond Fitzgibbon.

Cunnell was killed by German anti-aircraft fire a few days later on 12 July 1917, near Wervicq, Belgium; his observer, Lt. A. G. Bill, successfully flew his fighter back to base. He was buried at the Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension North at Bailleul, France, close to the Belgian border, in grave number III.C.263.

War record

List of aerial victories
Date & time Aircraft Foe Location
2 May 1917 @ 1115 FE2D serial number A6431 Albatros D.III 'destroyed in flames' (DESF) Comines
26 May 1917 @ 1035 FE2d serial number A6431 Albatros D.III destroyed (DES) Comines-Quesnoy
31 May 1917 @ 1920 FE2d serial number A6430 Albatros D.III (DES) Comines
5 June 1917 @ 0810 FE2d serial number A6414 Albatros D.V (DESF) Coucou
6 July 1917 @ 1030 FE2d serial number A6412 Albatros D.V 'out of control' (OOC) Wervicq
Albatros D.V (OOC) Wervicq
Albatros D.V (OOC) Wervicq
Albatros D.V (OOC) Wervicq
11 July 1917 @ 1400 FE2d serial number A6412 Albatros D.V (DESF) Wervicq-Menin

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