David Selbourne (born 4 June 1937) is a British political philosopher, social commentator and historian of ideas. He was educated at Manchester Grammar School, and Balliol College, Oxford, where he studied Jurisprudence, held the Winter Williams Law Scholarship, and was awarded a Paton Studentship and the Jenkins Law Prize. He was thereafter a British Commonwealth Fellow at the University of Chicago Law School, and in 1960 was called to the bar of the Inner Temple where he was student scholar, but did not practise law. He is the father of Raphael Selbourne, winner of the 2009 Costa First Book Award.
Born in London, he is the son of French-born doctor, Henri Armand Hugh Selbourne, educated at St. Barts and a Belgian mother (Sulamith (Amiel) Selbourne) – a descendant of generations of Jewish thinkers and rabbinical scholars and, in a cognate line, sharing an ancestry with Karl Marx – Selbourne was born in London, but brought up near Manchester, where his father was in medical practice. A Doctor's Life: The Diaries of Hugh Selbourne MD, which contains his father's observations upon his patients and upon the events of the day, was published in 1989. Praised as 'one of the best modern diaries' by C.S.Handley in his Annotated Bibliography of Diaries Printed in English (2002).
Works for the theatre
David Selbourne's first writings were for the theatre, and were published by Calder, Methuen and others. They include The Play of William Cooper and Edmund Dew-Nevett (1968), The Two-Backed Beast (1969), Samson (1971) and The Damned (1971). His plays were performed between 1968 and 1983 at the Traverse Theatre, Edinburgh, the Everyman Theatre, Liverpool, the Northcott Theatre, Exeter, the Crucible Theatre, Sheffield, the Soho Theatre, London, and elsewhere. In 1982, Selbourne's The Making of A Midsummer Night's Dream, a first-hand account of Peter Brook's rehearsals of the play for the Royal Shakespeare Company, was published, and has since established itself as a key work for students of theatre.
Works of social observation, contemporary history and journalism
At the same time as teaching social and political theory at Ruskin College, Oxford, from 1966 to 1986, Selbourne contributed as a freelance journalist and commentator to New Society, the New Statesman, the Independent, and the Guardian among other publications. He also travelled widely,visiting China during the Cultural Revolution and writing An Eye to China (1975), and to India during its political emergency of 1975–77, about which he wrote An Eye to India (1977). He continued and broadened this work after leaving Ruskin – and leaving the narrow world of left orthodoxy behind him – writing for The Times, Sunday Times, Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraph among others. His heterodox writings in the 1980s on Britain for New Society were published in Left Behind: Journeys into British Politics (1987); in Death of the Dark Hero: Eastern Europe, 1987–1990, he wrote at first-hand on the fall of communism in the region from Poland to Bulgaria, where he also participated in teaching in the 'underground universities'.
Selbourne's works of political thought offer a general perspective on events of the last decades, and draw dispassionate and independent-minded conclusions from their consideration. They include Against Socialist Illusion (1985) – written while he was still at Ruskin, a college of adult education supported by the labour movement, and a work which was regarded by the left as a provocation – The Principle of Duty (1994), which argued that limits must be set to selfish individual entitlement if a free social order is to be preserved, The Spirit of the Age: An Account of Our Times (1995) and The Losing Battle with Islam (2005).
Selbourne has been involved in a number of controversies. They have included the events which surrounded the publication of an article by him in The Times in 1986 on corruption in the Labour politics of Liverpool. Published during the 'Wapping dispute', in which members of the print unions were at loggerheads with the newspaper, Selbourne was accused by both students and colleagues at Ruskin of having betrayed union interests by publishing the article at that point; his lectures were picketed by print union members and militant students, and he was prevented from teaching. He won his subsequent High Court action against the college for constructive dismissal, the government-appointed Sloman Commission into the affair condemning the college for its breach of Selbourne's academic freedom. He also brought successful proceedings against The Independent – a newspaper for which he had himself written – gaining substantial damages for a libellous assertion, supported by misquotation from The Principle of Duty, which falsely attributed to Selbourne far right-wing views. Selbourne's intervention in March 1996 was instrumental, too, in stopping acceptance by Oxford University, and by his old college, of the Flick Bequest, and he was active for many years in support of the Tamil cause in Sri Lanka, for which he was expelled from Colombo in June 1983.
There has also been widespread controversy over his book The City of Light (1997), which Selbourne has claimed to be a translation of an account of a trading voyage to China by a thirteenth-century merchant, Jacob of Ancona. Doubted by some Western Sinologists, but its authenticity attested by some leading Chinese scholars, it has passed through many subsequent editions, and has been translated in turn into Chinese and some dozen other languages. Thus far, Selbourne has refused to give further details about its provenance, and has not replied to allegations that he is its author. The preface to the American edition of the book (2000) and its introduction describe the controversy and defend the authenticity of the manuscript. In June 2001, he was awarded the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic by president Carlo Azeglio Ciampi. Roz Kaveny, reviewing the book in New Statesman noted that "By coincidence, much of what Jacob d'Ancona dislikes in 13th-century China is what David Selbourne dislikes in late-20th century Britain" and thought that she recognised in the dialectical principles with which d'Ancona controverts his ideological opponents close parallels with Selbourne's own rhetorical techniques. She concluded that one might prefer "to suppose that the dilemma, and the document, are mirages, that his book is a postmodernist literary device."
Published works include
- An Eye to China (1975)
- An Eye to India (1977)
- Through the Indian Looking-Glass (1982)
- The Making of A Midsummer Night's Dream (1982) to be republished by Faber in January 2010
- In Theory and in Practice: Essays on the Politics of Jayaprakash Narayan, editor (1985)
- Against Socialist Illusion: A Radical Argument (1985)
- Left Behind: Journeys into British Politics (1987)
- A Doctor's Life: The Diaries of Hugh Selbourne M.D., 1960–63, editor (1989) to be republished by Faber in December 2009
- Death of the Dark Hero: Eastern Europe 1987–90 (1990) to be republished by Faber in September 2009
- The Spirit of the Age (1993)
- Not an Englishman: Conversations with Lord Goodman (1993)
- The Principle of Duty (1994) to be republished by Faber in October 2009
- The City of Light: The Hidden Journal of the Man Who Entered China Four Years Before Marco Polo, translator (Jacob of Ancona) (1997)
- Moral Evasion (1998)
- The Losing Battle with Islam (2005)