|Was||Zoologist Scientist Botanist Pharmacist Entomologist|
|From||Holy Roman Empire Germany|
|Field||Biology Healthcare Science|
|Birth||15 December 1760, Bruchhausen-Vilsen, Diepholz, Lower Saxony, Germany|
|Death||1 August 1846, Regensburg, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germany (aged 85 years)|
David Heinrich Hoppe (15 December 1760 – 1 August 1846) was a German pharmacist, botanist, entomologist and physician who was a native of Bruchhausen-Vilsen. Hoppe is remembered for contributions made to the study of alpine flora.
He began his career as a pharmacy apprentice in Celle, and subsequently was an assistant pharmacist in Hamburg, Halle, Wolfenbüttel and Regensburg. Afterwards, he studied medicine and natural sciences at the University of Erlangen, and following graduation returned to Regensburg as a physician. Here he taught classes at the Regensburg lyceum.
He studied the flora surrounding Regensburg, and each summer between 1796 and 1843 made botanical excursions to Salzburg and Heiligenblut. With bryologist Christian Friedrich Hornschuch (1793–1850), he published a treatise involving an extended scientific journey to the Adriatic coast and the mountains of Carinthia and Tyrol called "Tagebuch einer Botanischen Reise nach den Küsten des Adriatischen Meeres und den Gebirgen von Kärnten, Tirol und Salzburg".
In May 1790, Hoppe founded the Regensburgische Botanische Gesellschaft (Regensburg Botanical Society), the first botanical organization in Bavaria, and presently is the world's oldest existing botanical society. From 1812 until his death in 1846, he was its director/chairman.
He is credited for describing and naming over 200 plant species. Among his written efforts are a work on the flora of Regensburg, titled "Ectypa plantarum ratisbonensium" (1787–1793), and "Caricologia Germanica" (1835), a book of German caricology that he published with engraver Jacob Sturm (1771–1848). From 1818 to 1842, he was editor of the popular journal Flora. In 1825 he collaborated with Christian Friedrich Hornschuch, Jacob Sturm and Jacob Johann Hagenbach to publish an illustrated work on Alpine beetles entitled Insecta Coleoptrata, quae in itineribus suis, praesertim alpinis.
The plant genus Hoppea from the family Gentianaceae is named after him.