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Countess Louise Henriette of Nassau

Countess Louise Henriette of Nassau

Electress consort of brandenbyrg
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Electress consort of brandenbyrg
Gender female
Birth 27 November 1627 (The Hague, South Holland, Netherlands, Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Death 8 June 1667 (Cölln, Berlin, Germany)
Star sign Sagittarius
Mother: Amalia of Solms-Braunfels
Father: Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange
Siblings: Hendrik Lodewijk of NassauWilliam IIPrince of OrangeFrederick Nassau de ZuylesteinCountess Henriette Catherine of NassauElisabeth of NassauIsabella Charlotte of NassauHenriëtte Amalia of NassauCountess Albertine Agnes of NassauMaria of Nassau
Spouse: Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
Children: Charles, Electoral Prince of BrandenburgFrederick I of PrussiaLudwig von Brandenburg
The details

Louise Henrietta of Nassau (Dutch: Louise Henriëtte van Nassau, German: Luise Henriette von Nassau; 7 December 1627 – 18 June 1667) was a Countess of Nassau, granddaughter of William I, Prince of Orange, "William the Silent", and an Electress of Brandenburg.


Louise Henriëtte was born in The Hague, the eldest daughter of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, and Amalia of Solms-Braunfels. She grew up at the court of her father, the Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel.


Louise Henriëtte had to abandon her love for Henri Charles de La Trémoille, Prince of Talmant, son of Henry de La Trémoille, as her mother had royal ambitions for her. However, attempts to conclude an engagement with King Charles II of England came to nothing. Finally she was forced to marry Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (1620-1688), "the Great Elector," at The Hague on 7 December 1646, her nineteenth birthday.

The Electorate of Brandenburg regarded this marriage as beneficial by reason of the connections with the Orange family it created in the hope of obtaining assistance for Brandenburg's struggle for influence in Pomerania.


The couple lived in Cleves for the first years of their marriage, but they moved to Brandenburg, Frederick William's seat, in 1648. During her marriage, Luise Henriette followed her spouse and traveled between The Hague, Königsberg, Berlin and Cleves on campaigns, inspections, war and battle fields in Poland and Denmark. She acted as her husband's political adviser and was described as a pragmatist. She managed, through correspondence with the Queen of Poland, Marie Louise Gonzaga, to make an alliance with Poland in exchange for the Polish recognition of Prussia as a province of Brandenburg. It was said of her : "Few Electresses had been allowed so much influence". Luise Henriette had a new castle in Dutch style built in Bötzow in 1650-52 and called it Oranienburg, which became the name for the entire town in 1653. She was also involved in the design and development of the Lustgarten in Berlin. In 1663, she installed the first porcelain cabinet in Europe. In 1665, she founded an orphanage with places for 24 children. She was described as truly kind and gentle with a sharp intellect: her advice was vital for her spouse, and their marriage was considered a role model. During time of war, she made great efforts to soften the damages upon society.

A Protestant religious community known as the Luise-Henrietten-Stift in nearby Lehnin Abbey was named after her.


With Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, she had six children.

  • William Henry (1648-1649)
  • Charles (1655-1674)
  • Frederick (1657-1713), the first King in Prussia
  • Amalie (1664-1664)
  • Henry (1664-1664)
  • Louis (1666-1687), married Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł

Luise Henriette died in Berlin and was buried in the Berliner Dom.


Luise Henriette of Nassau's ancestors in three generations
Luise Henriette, Electress of Brandenburg Father:
Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange
Paternal Grandfather:
William I of Orange
Paternal Great-grandfather:
William, Count of Nassau
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Juliana of Stolberg
Paternal Grandmother:
Louise de Coligny
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Gaspard de Coligny
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Charlotte de Laval (1530-1568)
Amalia of Solms-Braunfels
Maternal Grandfather:
John Albert I of Solms-Braunfels (1592-1623)
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Conrad, Count of Solms-Braunfels
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Elisabeth of Nassau-Dillenburg
Maternal Grandmother:
Agnes of Sayn-Wittgenstein
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Louis I, Count of Sayn-Wittgenstein
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Elisabeth of Solms-Laubach
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