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Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg

Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg

Wife of Landgrave Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Wife of Landgrave Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt
Gender female
Birth 2 May 1700 (Bouxwiller)
Death 1 July 1726 (Darmstadt)
Mother: Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Father: Johann Reinhard IIICount of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Spouse: Louis VIIILandgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Children: Louis IXLandgrave of Hesse-DarmstadtPrince George William of Hesse-DarmstadtLandgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
The details

Charlotte, Countess of Hanau-Lichtenberg, full name: Countess Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau-Lichtenberg (2 May 1700, Bouxwiller – 1 July 1726, Darmstadt) was the wife of landgrave Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt.


The Heiress

Charlotte was the only surviving child of the last Count of Hanau, Johann Reinhard III, and the Countess Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach. Thus, she was the sole heir of the County of Hanau.


Her husband: Landgrave Louis VIII
Her son, Louis IX

The first man to ask her hand in marriage, was the crown prince and later Landgrave William VIII of Hesse-Kassel. Had this marriage taken place, the county of Hanau would have remained united. However, it failed because of religious differences between William, who was a Calvinist and Charlotte, who was Lutheran.

The second candidate was the crown prince and later Landgrave Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt, who was Lutheran. They were married on 5 April 1717. From this marriage the following children were born:

  • Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
  • Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt
  • Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt


Charlotte Christine died on 1 July 1726 in Darmstadt. A number of funeral sermons were published in July 1726 in Darmstadt.

The inheritance

As Charlotte Christine died before her father, her son, the future Landgrave Louis IX, became heir apparent of the County of Hanau. This was, however, the restricted to the Lichtenberg part of the county, because the Münzenberg part of the county had been awarded to the county of Hesse-Kassel in an earlier inheritance contract between Hanau and Hesse-Kassel.

A dispute arose, because it wasn't clear to which part the district of Babenhausen would belong. It escalated into a military conflict. Hesse-Darmstadt occupied Dietzenbach, Schaafheim and Schlierbach (de); Hesse-Kassel occupied the rest of Babenhausen, deploying troops that had already been stationed in Hanau.

The dispute could be settled only after protracted litigation before the highest courts of the Empire, which in 1771 issued the so-called Partifikationsrezess. The towns of Altheim (de), Dietzenbach, Harpertshausen (de), Schaafheim and Schlierbach were awarded to Hesse-Darmstadt and were incorporated into the district Schaafheim.


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