Clarence Edward Mulford (3 February 1883 – 10 May 1956) was the creator of the character Hopalong Cassidy and who wrote many works of fiction and nonfiction.
Mulford was born in Streator, Illinois. He created Hopalong Cassidy in 1904 while living in Fryeburg, Maine, and the many short stories and 28 novels were adapted to radio, feature film, television, and comic books, often deviating significantly from the original stories, especially in the character's traits. While many of his stories depicted Cassidy and other men of the Bar-20 ranch, he also wrote novels (and short stories) of other Westerners, starting with Johnny Nelson in 1920. He also wrote nonfiction, mostly about the American West, the outdoors, and motoring.
More than just writing a very popular series of Westerns, Mulford recreated an entire detailed and authentic world filled with characters drawn from his extensive library research. His biographer, Francis Nevins, characterized Mulford's writing as "rooted in Victorian convention." Nevins also states that he originated the Western series that has continuous characters, and that, unlike the characters of most later Western series writers, his aged.
He died of complications from surgery in Portland, Maine. He set aside much of his money from his books for local charities.
Hopalong Cassidy novels
- Bar-20 (1906)
- The Orphan (1908)
- The Coming of Cassidy (1908)
- Hopalong Cassidy (1910)
- Bar-20 Days (1911)
- Buck Peters, Ranchman (1912)
- The Man from Bar-20 (1918)
- Johnny Nelson (1920)
- The Bar-20 Three (1921)
- Tex (1922)
- Bring Me His Ears (1922)
- Black Buttes (1923)
- Rustlers' Valley (1924)
- Hopalong Cassidy Returns (1924)
- Cottonwood Gulch (1925)
- Hopalong Cassidy's Protege (1926) (Saddle Mate)
- Bar-20 Rides Again (1926)
- Corson of the JC (1927)
- Mesquite Jenkins (1928)
- Me and Shorty (1928)
- Deputy Sheriff (1930)
- Hopalong Cassidy and the Eagles Brood (1930)
- Mesquite Jenkins, Tumbleweed (1931)
- The Round-Up (1933)
- Trail Dust (1934)
- On the Trail of the Tumbling T (1935)
- Hopalong Cassidy Takes Cards (1937)
- Hopalong Cassidy Serves A Writ (1941)