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Christopher I, Margrave of Baden-Baden

Christopher I, Margrave of Baden-Baden Margrave of Baden

Margrave of Baden
Christopher I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
The basics

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The details

Biography

Christopher I of Baden (13 November 1453 – 19 April 1527) was the Margrave of Baden from 1475 to 1515.

Life

Christoph was the eldest son of Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden and Catherine of Austria, a sister of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor.

He regained the territories that were lost by his father to the Palatinate and its allies. Christoph maneuvered to keep these territories united under his son and successor Philip I, but his efforts were thwarted by Louis XII of France. In 1479, the seat of the Margraviate of Baden was moved from Hohenbaden Castle to New Castle (Neues Schloss) of Baden-Baden which was built by him.

In 1489 Christoph became a member of the Swabian League. This was part of his efforts for peaceful coexistence with his neighbors (in particular with Württemberg and the cities of Weil and Strasbourg). Within the protection of this South West German pact, Christoph advanced the internal development of his dominion.

Christoph Markgraf von Baden's winegrowing law of 1495 was a major step in improving the quality of wine produced in Baden. His wife Ottilie was from a famous wine-making family in the Kraichgau, the Counts of Katzenelnbogen.

By 1503, Christoph was responsible for uniting all the Badener lands when the Baden-Sausenberg died without male heirs. In 1515, before his death, he divided the Margraviate among his sons Philipp, Bernhard, and Ernst. However, Philipp who had succeeded him died childless, and his share was passed down to his brothers Bernhard and Ernst. Thus, Bernhard founded the so-called "Bernardine line" of Baden-Baden and Ernst founded the "Ernestine line" of Baden-Durlach.

Family and children

Margrave Christoph married on 30 January 1469 Ottilie of Katzenelnbogen (ca. 1451 – 15 August 1517), a granddaughter of Philipp I, Count of Katzenelnbogen. They had the following children:

  1. Ottilie (6 June 1470 – 1490), Abbess in Pforzheim
  2. Jakob (6 June 1471 – 27 April 1511, Cologne), Archbishop of Trier
  3. Marie (2 July 1473 – 9 January 1519); Abbess in Lichtenthal
  4. Bernhard III, Margrave of Baden-Baden (7 April 1474 – 29 June 1536)
  5. Karl (21 June 1476 – 7 October 1510), canon in Strasbourg and Trier
  6. Christoph (21 July 1477 – 29 March 1508), canon in Strasbourg and Trier
  7. Philipp (10 December 1478 – 17 September 1533); Margrave of Baden-Sponheim
  8. Rudolf (16 June 1481 – 23 September 1532), canon in Mainz, Cologne, Strasbourg and Augsburg
  9. Ernst, Margrave of Baden-Durlach (7 October 1482 – 6 February 1553)
  10. Wolfgang (10 May 1484 – 24 June 1522)
  11. Sibylle (26 April 1485 – 10 July 1518), married on 24 January 1505 to Philipp III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg
  12. Rosine (5 March 1487 – 29 October 1554), married:
    1. in 1503 to Count Franz Wolfgang of Hohenzollern;
    2. to Johann von Ow zu Wachendorf
  13. John (d. 19 June 1490)
  14. Beatrix (22 January 1492 – 4 April 1535), married in 1508 to Johann II, Count Palatine of Simmern
  15. George (1 July 1493 – 16 November 1493)

Ancestors

16. Rudolf VI, Margrave of Baden-Baden
16. Rudolf VI, Margrave of Baden-Baden
8. Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
17. Mathilda of Sponheim-Starkenburg
4. Jacob, Margrave of Baden-Baden
18. Louis X, Count of Oettingen
9. Anna of Oettingen
19. Beatrix of Helfenstein
2. Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
20. John I, Duke of Lorraine
10. Charles II, Duke of Lorraine
21. Sophie of Württemberg
5. Catherine of Lorraine
22. King Rupert of Germany
11. Margaret of the Palatinate
23. Elisabeth of Nuremberg
1. Christopher I, Margrave of Baden
24. Albert II, Duke of Austria
12. Leopold III, Duke of Austria
25. Johanna of Pfirt
6. Ernest, Duke of Austria
26. Bernabò Visconti
13. Viridis Visconti
27. Beatrice Regina della Scala
3. Catherine of Austria
28. Siemowit III, Duke of Masovia
14. Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia
29. Euphemia of Opava
7. Cymburgis of Masovia
30. Algirdas
15. Alexandra of Lithuania
31. Uliana of Tver
16. Rudolf VI, Margrave of Baden-Baden
8. Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
17. Mathilda of Sponheim-Starkenburg
4. Jacob, Margrave of Baden-Baden
18. Louis X, Count of Oettingen
9. Anna of Oettingen
19. Beatrix of Helfenstein
2. Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
20. John I, Duke of Lorraine
10. Charles II, Duke of Lorraine
21. Sophie of Württemberg
5. Catherine of Lorraine
22. King Rupert of Germany
11. Margaret of the Palatinate
23. Elisabeth of Nuremberg
1. Christopher I, Margrave of Baden
24. Albert II, Duke of Austria
12. Leopold III, Duke of Austria
25. Johanna of Pfirt
6. Ernest, Duke of Austria
26. Bernabò Visconti
13. Viridis Visconti
27. Beatrice Regina della Scala
3. Catherine of Austria
28. Siemowit III, Duke of Masovia
14. Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia
29. Euphemia of Opava
7. Cymburgis of Masovia
30. Algirdas
15. Alexandra of Lithuania
31. Uliana of Tver
8. Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
17. Mathilda of Sponheim-Starkenburg
4. Jacob, Margrave of Baden-Baden
18. Louis X, Count of Oettingen
9. Anna of Oettingen
19. Beatrix of Helfenstein
2. Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
20. John I, Duke of Lorraine
10. Charles II, Duke of Lorraine
21. Sophie of Württemberg
5. Catherine of Lorraine
22. King Rupert of Germany
11. Margaret of the Palatinate
23. Elisabeth of Nuremberg
1. Christopher I, Margrave of Baden
24. Albert II, Duke of Austria
12. Leopold III, Duke of Austria
25. Johanna of Pfirt
6. Ernest, Duke of Austria
26. Bernabò Visconti
13. Viridis Visconti
27. Beatrice Regina della Scala
3. Catherine of Austria
28. Siemowit III, Duke of Masovia
14. Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia
29. Euphemia of Opava
7. Cymburgis of Masovia
30. Algirdas
15. Alexandra of Lithuania
31. Uliana of Tver
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.graf-von-katzenelnbogen.de/kampfumserbedemandt.html
https://cms.law/
http://mdz.bib-bvb.de/digbib/lexika/adb/images/adb004/@ebt-link?target=idmatch(entityref,adb0040229)
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/90330526
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118520695
http://isni.org/isni/0000000081343814
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n80056609
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p074659634
https://viaf.org/viaf/54939509
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/54939509
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