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Christian Samuel Weiss

Christian Samuel Weiss German mineralogist

German mineralogist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German mineralogist
A.K.A. Christian Samuel Weiß
Countries Holy Roman Empire
Occupations Scientist Physicist Chemist Mineralogist Mathematician Crystallographer Professor Educator
Type Academia Mathematics Science
Gender male
Birth 26 February 1780 (Leipzig)
Death 1 October 1856 (Cheb)
Star sign PiscesPisces
Education Leipzig University
Christian Samuel Weiss
The details
Biography

Christian Samuel Weiss (26 February 1780 – 1 October 1856) was a German mineralogist born in Leipzig.

Following graduation, he worked as a physics instructor in Leipzig from 1803 until 1808. and in the meantime, conducted geological studies of mountain formations in Tyrol, Switzerland and France (1806–08). In 1810 he became a professor of mineralogy at the University of Berlin, where in 1818/19 and 1832/33, he served as university rector. He died near Eger in Bohemia.

Weiss is credited for creating parameters of modern crystallography, and was instrumental in making it a branch of mathematical science. He stressed the significance of direction in crystals, considering crystallographic axes to be a possible basis for classification of crystals. He is credited for introducing the categorization schema of crystal systems, and has a basic law of crystallography named after him called the "Weiss zone law".

Works by Weiss that have been translated into English

  • "On the methodical and natural distribution of the different systems of crystallisation" Edinburgh : Printed for A. Constable, 1823.
  • "On the crystallographic discoveries and systems of Mohs and Weiss" (with Friedrich Mohs); Edinburgh : Printed for A. Constable, 1823.
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Sources
References
http://0-www.worldcat.org.novacat.nova.edu/identities/viaf-3267246/
http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb107107653
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb107107653
http://isni.org/isni/0000000020151173
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w6sn26vz
http://www.doitpoms.ac.uk/tlplib/miller_indices/vector_plane.php
http://www.genealogy.ams.org/id.php?id=66319
http://www.hu-berlin.de/ueberblick/geschichte/rektoren/weiss/
https://books.google.com/books?id=uqqXem7vzu4C&pg=PA46&lpg=PA46&dq=%22Christian+Samuel+Weiss%22+crystal&source=bl&ots=YDePfZBHOn&sig=6TVHWVcTFIclZVS_Y63GycdYiQY&hl=en&ei=AC1lSq25KpGaMYWLoaMB&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118806556
https://viaf.org/viaf/3267246
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