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Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck

Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck prolific German botanist, physician, zoologist, and natural philosopher

prolific German botanist, physician, zoologist, and natural philosopher
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro prolific German botanist, physician, zoologist, and natural philosopher
A.K.A. Nees
Countries Germany
Occupations Botanist Pteridologist Bryologist Mycologist Entomologist Agrostologist Zoologist Physician Professor Educator
Gender male
Birth 14 February 1776 (Reichelsheim)
Death 16 March 1858 (Wrocław)
Star sign AquariusAquarius
Family
Siblings: Theodor Friedrich Ludwig Nees von Esenbeck
Education University of Jena
The details
Biography

Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck (14 February 1776 – 16 March 1858) was a prolific German botanist, physician, zoologist, and natural philosopher. He was a contemporary of Goethe and was born within the lifetime of Linnaeus. He described approximately 7,000 plant species (almost as many as Linnaeus himself). His last official act as president of the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina was to admit Charles Darwin as a member. He was the author of numerous monographs on botany and zoology. His best-known works deal with fungi.

Biography

Nees von Esenbeck was born in Schloss Reichenberg near Reichelsheim (Odenwald). He showed an early interest in science and, after receiving his first education at Darmstadt, he went on to Jena, obtaining his degree in biology (natural history) and medicine in 1800. He practiced as a physician for Francis I (Erbach-Erbach), but he had developed a great interest in botany during his university studies, and eventually he returned to academia. In 1816 he joined the Leopoldina Academy, which was one of the most prestigious institutions in Europe. In 1817 he was appointed professor of botany in Erlangen. Three years later he became professor of natural history in Bonn, where he established the Botanische Gärten der Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, and in 1831 he was appointed to the chair of botany at the university of Breslau. In 1818 he was elected president of the Leopoldina Academy. He continued as president of the academy for the rest of his life. In botany he achieved notoriety for, among other things, contributions to the Acanthaceae and Lauraceae families. In 1848 he became politically active. In 1851 due to conflicts with the government he was deprived of his professorship and pension at Breslau. Seven years later Nees von Esenbeck died essentially penniless in Breslau. He was an older brother to botanist Theodor Friedrich Ludwig Nees von Esenbeck (1787-1837).

Works

  • Die Algen des süßen Wassers, nach ihren Entwickelungsstufen dargestellt (1814)
  • Das System der Pilze und Schwämme (1816)
  • Vorlesungen zur Entwickelungsgeschichte des magnetischen Schlafs und Traums (1820)
  • Handbuch der Botanik. Band 1 (1820) Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Handbuch der Botanik. Band 2 (1821) Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Bryologia germanica (with Christian Friedrich Hornschuch und Jacob Sturm, 1823–31, 2 Bände mit 43 Tafeln)
  • Plantarum, in Horto medico Bonnensi nutritarum, Icones selectae (1824) Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Agrostologia brasiliensis (1829)
  • Genera Plantarum Florae Germanicae (1831–1860)
  • Genera et species Asterearum (1833)
  • Naturgeschichte der europäischen Lebermoose mit Erinnerungen aus dem Riesengebirge (1833-38, 4 Bände)
  • Hymenopterorum Ichneumonibus affinium monographiae (1834, 2 Bände)
  • System der spekulativen Philosophie, Band 1
  • Systema Laurinarum (1836)
  • Florae Africae australioris illustration monographicae Gramineae (1841)
  • Die Naturphilosophie (1841)
  • De Cinnamomo disputatio (1843)
  • Synopsis hepaticarum (with Carl Moritz Gottsche und Johann Lindenberg, 1844–1847)
  • Die allgemeine Formenlehre der Natur (1852)
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Sources
References
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12361335x
http://isni.org/isni/0000000110606872
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:hbz:061:2-13244
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:hbz:061:2-13118
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:hbz:061:2-20003
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w6zs305t
http://www.ipni.org/ipni/advAuthorSearch.do?find_abbreviation=Nees
http://www.nees-von-esenbeck.de/
http://www.nees.uni-bonn.de/histor.html
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=mzk2003208491&CON_LNG=ENG
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/2079083
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