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Charlotte Lee, Lady Baltimore

Charlotte Lee, Lady Baltimore

English nobleman
The basics
Quick Facts
Gender female
Birth March 13, 1678
Death January 22, 1721
The details

Charlotte Lee, Lady Baltimore (13 March 1678 Old Style – 22 January 1721 Old Style), was an English noblewoman, and granddaughter of King Charles II of England and his mistress Barbara Villiers. She married in 1699, Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore, from whom she separated in 1705; and later, married Christopher Crowe. She was the mother of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, and of Benedict Leonard Calvert, who was Governor of Maryland from 1727–1731.

Early life

Lady Charlotte Lee was born on 13 March 1678 at St. James's Park, St. James, London. She was the eldest of at least fourteen children of Edward Henry Lee, 1st Earl of Lichfield (4 February 1663 – 14 July 1716) and Lady Charlotte Fitzroy (5 September 1664 – 17 February 1718), illegitimate daughter of King Charles II by his mistress Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine, Duchess of Cleveland.

Lady Charlotte's mother was thirteen years old at the time of her birth, having married the Earl of Lichfield at the age of twelve.

Her paternal grandparents were Sir Francis Henry Lee of Ditchley, 4th Baronet of Quarendon and Elizabeth Pope, daughter of Thomas Pope, 2nd Earl of Downe.

Marriage to Lord Baltimore

On 2 January 1699, at the age of twenty, she married her first husband Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore (21 March 1679 – 16 April 1715), son of Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore and Jane Lowe.

Charlotte assumed the title of Lady Baltimore in February 1715, when her husband succeeded to the title of 4th Baron Baltimore upon the death of his father, the third Baron. The title of Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland had been lost to the third Baron during the Glorious Revolution and would be restored to Charles Calvert, the son of Charlotte and Benedict, upon the latter's death on 16 April 1715.

Charlotte and Lord Baltimore had six children:

  • Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, 18th Proprietor Governor of Maryland, FRS (29 September 1699 – 24 April 1751), married Mary Janssen, daughter of Sir Theodore Janssen, 1st Baronet Janssen and Williamsa Henley, by whom he had three children, including Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore, Louisa Calvert, and Caroline Calvert. He also had an illegitimate son, by the name of Benedict Swingate Calvert, who settled in Maryland, and married Elizabeth Calvert, by whom he had issue
  • Hon. Benedict Leonard Calvert, Governor of Maryland, (1727–1731). He died 1 June 1732 on his passage home to England
  • Hon. Edward Henry Calvert (born ca. 1700), held office of Commissary General and President of the council of Maryland, was married without issue.
  • Hon. Charlotte Calvert (died December 1744), married Thomas Breerwood, by whom she had a son, Francis Breerwood
  • Hon. Jane Calvert (died July 1778), married John Hyde, by whom she had issue John Hyde, Henry Hyde and Mary Calvert Hyde, wife of George Mitchell and mother of George Calvert Mitchell, 1st Earl of Royalton
  • Hon. Cecil Calvert (born 1702)

Charlotte and Lord Baltimore were divorced in 1705. Charlotte had an affair in 1706 with Colonel Robert Fielding, then the (bigamous) husband of her grandmother the Duchess of Cleveland, and was rumoured to have borne a child by him, born 23 April 1707.

Marriage to Christopher Crowe

She married her second husband Christopher Crowe (c.1681 – 9 November 1749), Consul of Livorno, sometime before 10 December 1719. Charlotte was three years her husband's senior. This marriage produced four more children.

Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, was the eldest son of Charlotte Lee and her first husband, Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore

Charlotte's four children from her second marriage:

  • Christopher Crowe (1716–1776), married Barbara Duncombe
  • Catherine Crowe (1717 – ?), married Roger Henry Gale
  • Charlotte Crowe (1718–1742)
  • George Crowe (25 November 1719 – 10 October 1782), married Anne Swift, by whom he had a son Robert

Death and legacy

Charlotte Lee died of rheumatism on 22 January 1721 at Woodford Hall, Woodford, Essex. She was buried at Woodford on 29 January 1721. She died intestate and her estate was administered on 4 March 1721 at Woodford Hall.

In fiction

Charlotte Lee appears as a minor character in Anya Seton's historical romance Devil Water.


The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Early life Marriage to Lord Baltimore Marriage to Christopher Crowe Death and legacy In fiction Ancestry
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