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Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough

British army general
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro British army general
Countries United Kingdom
Occupations Politician
Gender male
Birth 22 November 1706
Death 20 October 1758
Star sign Sagittarius
Mother: Anne Spencer, Countess of Sunderland (1683–1716)
Father: Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland
Siblings: Robert Spencer4th Earl of SunderlandJohn SpencerDiana RussellDuchess of Bedford
Children: George Spencer, 4th Duke of MarlboroughElizabeth Herbert, Countess of Pembroke and MontgomeryLord Charles Spencer
Education Eton College
The details

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, (22 November 1706 – 20 October 1758), styled as The Honourable Charles Spencer between 1706 and 1729 and as The Earl of Sunderland between 1729 and 1733, was a British soldier, nobleman, and politician from the Spencer family. He briefly served as Lord Privy Seal in 1755. He led British forces during the Raid on St Malo in 1758. He is the great-great-great-great-grandfather of Winston Churchill.

Early life

A young Charles Spencer, painted by John Vanderbank.

He was the second son of Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland and Lady Anne Churchill, the second daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and his wife Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough. He inherited the Sunderland title from his older brother in 1729, becoming 5th Earl of Sunderland, and then the Marlborough title from his aunt, Henrietta, 2nd Duchess of Marlborough in 1733.

On Thursday, 14 July 1737, Marlborough captained his own cricket team in a match against the Prince of Wales' XI on Kew Green. Wales' XI are known to have won the match which was apparently of minor standard although publicised because of the participants. This is the only known mention of Marlborough in a cricketing connection.

He was one of the original governors of London's Foundling Hospital, the foundation of which in 1739 marked a watershed in British child care advocacy and attitudes.

Seven Years War

He is best known for his service in the early part of the Seven Years' War. He led the Raid on St Malo, a naval descent against the French coastal port. Following the Capture of Emden he led the British expeditionary force sent to join Ferdinand of Brunswick's Army of Observation on Continental Europe but died in 1758, leaving command to John Manners, Marquess of Granby.

Marriage and children

He married The Hon. Elizabeth Trevor (c. 1713 - 1761), daughter of Thomas Trevor, 2nd Baron Trevor. They had five children:


Coat of arms of Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, KG, PC
  • 22 November 170615 September 1729: The Honourable Charles Spencer
  • 15 September 172924 October 1733: The Right Honourable The Earl of Sunderland
  • 24 October 173320 October 1758: His Grace The Duke of Marlborough


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