Charles Miller Shelley (December 28, 1833 – January 20, 1907) was a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army and a postbellum U.S. Representative from Alabama.
Shelley was born in Sullivan County, Tennessee. He moved with his father to Selma, Alabama, in 1836. He received limited schooling, but showed an aptitude for architecture. He became an architect and builder in the 1850s.
In the 1860, 1880, and 1900 Federal Censuses, he was listed as having been born in Tennessee (as were his parents in the latter two censuses).
With the outbreak of the Civil War, Shelley first entered the Confederate Army in February 1861 as a first lieutenant and was stationed first at Fort Morgan. Afterward, he was attached to the 5th Alabama Infantry and rose through the ranks to be commissioned as a brigadier general. Of the 1,100 men of Cantey's Brigade he led at Franklin, 430 were left on the field. General Hood has said that the strategy of General Shelley saved Stewart's corps from capture. James Shelley, Lieutenant Colonel of the 10th Alabama, killed at Petersburg, was a brother of General Shelley.
Shelley was first elected to Congress on November 7, 1876 from Alabama's 4th congressional district. He received 37.77% of the vote, but since the Republican vote was split between their nominee James T. Rapier (who won about 28%) and the incumbent Jeremiah Haralson, who ran as an independent and gained more than 33% of the vote, Shelley won the election.
Shelly ran for reelection in 1878. With the end of Reconstruction and the rise of Democratic intimidation and violence against African American voters, his reelection was much easier. He got 55.38% of the vote. This was 8,514 votes, fewer than the 9,655 he had gotten two years before, indicating a contraction in the size of the electorate in the interim. Haralson made another run for office this year but received only 6,545 votes, or 42.57% of the vote. Democratic intimidation of black Republicans had reduced their voting.
Shelley presented his credentials as a Member-elect to the Forty-seventh Congress, but the election was contested by James Q. Smith and the seat declared vacant July 20, 1882. Shelley was subsequently elected to fill the vacancy thus caused and served from November 7, 1882, to March 3, 1883. He presented credentials as a Member-elect to the Forty-eighth Congress and served from March 4, 1883, to January 9, 1885, when he was succeeded by George H. Craig, who contested the election.
Shelley returned to Birmingham, Alabama. He engaged in promoting the industrial interests of that region until his death in that city. He was interred in Oak Hill Cemetery, Talladega, Alabama.