|Birth||June 27, 1784 (Barchfeld, Barchfeld-Immelborn, Wartburgkreis, Thuringia)|
|Death||July 17, 1854 (Philippsthal, Hersfeld-Rotenburg, Kassel Government Region, Hesse)|
Alexis William Ernest Philip of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (German: Alexis Wilhelm Ernst von Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld; 13 September 1829 in Burgsteinfurt – 16 August 1905 in Herleshausen) was the last ruling Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld.
Alexis was a son of the Landgrave Charles of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (1784-1854) from his second marriage to Sophie (1794-1873), the daughter of Louis William Geldricus Ernest, Prince of Bentheim and Steinfurt. He succeeded his father in 1854 as Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld.
Alexis was a Prussian General of the Cavalry à la suite. From 1866, he was a member of the Prussian House of Lords and a Knight of the Prussian Order of the Black Eagle.
Prussia annexed the Electorate of Hesse, including Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld, in 1866. From 1880, Alexis and Ernest of Hesse-Philippsthal together received, as heirs of the Landgraves of Philippsthal, a pension of 300000Mark from the Electorate of Hesse Trust Fund. They were also given three castles: the City Castle in Hanau, Rotenburg Castle and Schönfeld Castle in Kassel.
On 17 June 1854, Alexis married at Charlottenburg Palace to Louise (1829-1901), the daughter of Prince Charles of Prussia. The marriage remained childless and ended with a divorce on 6 March 1861.
Alexis died on 16 August 1905. He was succeeded as titular Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld by his nephew Chlodwig (1876-1954), the son of his brother William (1831-1890).
|Ancestors of Alexis, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld|