Quantcast
CDLR
Switzerland
57 views this week
Charles-Gaspard de la Rive

Charles-Gaspard de la Rive Swiss chemist, politician and psychiatrist

Swiss chemist, politician and psychiatrist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Swiss chemist, politician and psychiatrist
Countries Switzerland
Occupations Chemist Politician Psychiatrist Educator
Type Academia Healthcare Politics Science
Gender male
Birth 14 March 1770 (Geneva, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland)
Death 18 March 1834 (Geneva, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland)
Star sign PiscesPisces
Family
Children: Auguste Arthur de la Rive
The details
Biography

Charles-Gaspard de la Rive (March 14, 1770 – March 18, 1834) was a Swiss physician who specialized in the treatment of mental illness, and later worked as a physicist.

Early life

De la Rive was born in Geneva, and originally studied law. During the Geneva revolution of 1794, he was a freedom fighter and later fled to Scotland with the physician Alexander Marcet. In 1797, he attained a doctorate of medicine from the University of Edinburgh while working with his teacher John Allen on the work Tentamen physiologicum inaugurale, de calore animali .... According to De la Rive, Allen believed that the body heat of animals is based on the combustion of food particles in the blood. After practising for a few years in London, where he visited several asylums, he returned to Geneva.

Physician

After his return, he became professor of pharmaceutical chemistry at the Geneva Academy in 1802 and of general chemistry in 1819, becoming rector in 1823. He was a physician in the hospice of the mentally ill as early as 1811, and he fought for the construction of an asylum adapted to advances in the science of mental illness, which was completed in 1838. He also worked at the British Library, writing on electricity and chemistry.

Physicist

In the summer of 1814 he was visited by Humphry Davy and Michael Faraday, and later André-Marie Ampère. In 1821 he sent Faraday a small apparatus with a floating wire loop that sensitively reacted to the approach of a magnet, which played an important role in Faraday's research. He also had the idea of a galvanometer based on the electrolytic decomposition of water, which was used by Ampère for determining the state of his voltaic piles. He wrote articles on electricity and chemistry for the magazine Bibliothèque Britannique. He also supported Humphry Davy's views on electrochemistry, John Dalton's atomic theory and Jöns Jacob Berzelius's idea of definite proportions.

In addition, De la Rive was politically active. He was a member of the Provisional Council (1813) and a Councillor of State (1814–1818), becoming the premier syndic of Geneva (1817–1818). He was also a member of the Conseil représentatif (1814–1832).

In 1801, he married Marguerite Adélaïde Boissier. Their son was Auguste Arthur de la Rive, a noted Swiss physicist.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
comments so far.
Comments
Sources
References
http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/f/F14333.php
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-2830902483.html
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb122970339
http://isni.org/isni/0000000029068624
https://deepl.com
https://translate.google.com/
https://translate.google.com/translate?&u=https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles-Gaspard+de+la+Rive&sl=fr&tl=en&prev=_t&hl=en
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb122970339
https://www.idref.fr/031827969
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n91079261
https://d-nb.info/gnd/117595268
arrow-left arrow-right arrow-up arrow-down instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube stumbleupon comments comments pandora gplay iheart tunein pandora gplay iheart tunein itunes