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Charles Christian of Nassau-Weilburg

Charles Christian of Nassau-Weilburg Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (1753-1788)

Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (1753-1788)
Charles Christian of Nassau-Weilburg
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The details

Biography

Prince Charles Christian portrayed on a medal with his wife Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau

Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (Weilburg, 16 January 1735 – Münster-Dreissen, near Kirchheim, 28 November 1788), till 1753 Count of Nassau-Weilburg, was the first ruler of the Principality of Nassau-Weilburg between 1753 and 1788.

Family and rule

He was the son of Charles August, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg and Princess Auguste Friederike of Nassau-Idstein. He succeeded his father in 1753 and united his territories in 1783 with Nassau-Saarbrücken, Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Dietz.

Marriage

He married on 5 March 1760 in The Hague Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau (1743–1787), daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange and Anne, Princess Royal.

He became a general in the Dutch infantry, governor of Bergen op Zoom and governor of Maastricht (1773–1784). He negotiated in vain with the Patriots in 1787.

After the death of his wife, he concluded a morganatic marriage with Barbara Giessen von Kirchheim. He died in 1788 and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son Frederick William.

Children

He and Carolina had 15 children, some of whom became ancestors of 19th century royalty:

  • Georg Wilhelm, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (The Hague, 18 December 1760 – Huis Honselaarsdijk, 27 May 1762)
  • Wilhelm Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (The Hague, 12 December 1761 – Kirchheim, 16 April/26 April 1770)
  • Augusta Carolina Maria of Nassau-Weilburg (The Hague, 5 February 1764 – Weilburg, 25 January 1802). A nun in Quedlinburg and Herford.
  • Wilhelmine Luise of Nassau-Weilburg, then of Nassau (The Hague, 28 September 1765 – Greiz, 10 October 1837), married in Kirchheim on 9 January 1786 Heinrich XIII Fürst Reuss zu Greiz (Greiz, 16 February 1747 – Greiz, 29 January 1817), and had issue
  • Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (25 October 1768, The Hague – 9 January 1816).
  • Karoline Luise Friederike of Nassau-Weilburg, then of Nassau (Kirchheim, 14 February 1770 – Wiesbaden, 8 July 1828), married in Kirchheim on 4 September 1787 Karl Ludwig Fürst zu Wied (Dierdorf, 9 September 1763 – Dierdorf, 9 March 1824), without issue
  • Karl Ludwig of Nassau-Weilburg (Kirchheim, 19 July 1772 – Kirchheim, 27 July 1772)
  • Karl Wilhelm Friedrich of Nassau-Weilburg, then of Nassau (Kirchheim, 1 May 1775 – Weilburg, 11 May 1807), unmarried and without issue
  • Amalie Charlotte Wilhelmine Louise of Nassau-Weilburg, then of Nassau (Kirchheim, 7 August 1776 – Schaumburg, 19 February 1841), married firstly in Weilburg on 29 October 1793 Victor II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym, and had issue, and married secondly in Schaumburg on 15 February 1813 Friedrich Freiherr von Stein-Liebenstein zu Barchfeld (14 February 1777 – 4 December 1849), and had issue
  • Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg, then of Nassau (22 April 1780 – 2 January 1857). Married Duke Louis of Württemberg, second son of Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg.
  • Karl of Nassau-Weilburg (1784 – shortly thereafter)
  • Four nameless stillborn children (1767, 1778, 1779, 1785)

Ancestors

16. Ernest Casimir, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
16. Ernest Casimir, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
8. Frederick, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
17. Anna Maria of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg
4. John Ernst, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
18. Ernest of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Homburg
9. Christiane Elisabeth of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Homburg
19. Christiane of Waldeck-Wildungen
2. Charles August, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
20. John Philip II of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg
10. Frederick Emich, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg
21. Elisabeth of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
5. Maria Polyxena of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hartenburg
22. Christian, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen
11. Sibylla of Waldeck-Wildungen
23. Elisabeth of Nassau-Siegen
1. Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
24. Louis II, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
12. John, Count of Nassau-Idstein
25. Anna Maria of Hesse-Kassel
6. George August, Count of Nassau-Idstein
26. Count Philip George of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
13. Anna of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
27. Countess Anna of Erbach
3. Auguste Friederike of Nassau-Idstein
28. Joachim Ernest of Oettingen-Oettingen
14. Albert Ernest I of Oettingen-Oettingen
29. Anna Dorothea of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein
7. Henriette Dorothea of Oettingen-Oettingen
30. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
15. Christiane Friederike of Württemberg
31. Anna Katharina, Wild- and Rheingräfin of Salm-Kyrburg
16. Ernest Casimir, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
8. Frederick, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
17. Anna Maria of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg
4. John Ernst, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
18. Ernest of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Homburg
9. Christiane Elisabeth of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Homburg
19. Christiane of Waldeck-Wildungen
2. Charles August, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
20. John Philip II of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg
10. Frederick Emich, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg
21. Elisabeth of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
5. Maria Polyxena of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hartenburg
22. Christian, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen
11. Sibylla of Waldeck-Wildungen
23. Elisabeth of Nassau-Siegen
1. Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
24. Louis II, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
12. John, Count of Nassau-Idstein
25. Anna Maria of Hesse-Kassel
6. George August, Count of Nassau-Idstein
26. Count Philip George of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
13. Anna of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
27. Countess Anna of Erbach
3. Auguste Friederike of Nassau-Idstein
28. Joachim Ernest of Oettingen-Oettingen
14. Albert Ernest I of Oettingen-Oettingen
29. Anna Dorothea of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein
7. Henriette Dorothea of Oettingen-Oettingen
30. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
15. Christiane Friederike of Württemberg
31. Anna Katharina, Wild- and Rheingräfin of Salm-Kyrburg
8. Frederick, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
17. Anna Maria of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg
4. John Ernst, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
18. Ernest of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Homburg
9. Christiane Elisabeth of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Homburg
19. Christiane of Waldeck-Wildungen
2. Charles August, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
20. John Philip II of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg
10. Frederick Emich, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg
21. Elisabeth of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
5. Maria Polyxena of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hartenburg
22. Christian, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen
11. Sibylla of Waldeck-Wildungen
23. Elisabeth of Nassau-Siegen
1. Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
24. Louis II, Count of Nassau-Weilburg
12. John, Count of Nassau-Idstein
25. Anna Maria of Hesse-Kassel
6. George August, Count of Nassau-Idstein
26. Count Philip George of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
13. Anna of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
27. Countess Anna of Erbach
3. Auguste Friederike of Nassau-Idstein
28. Joachim Ernest of Oettingen-Oettingen
14. Albert Ernest I of Oettingen-Oettingen
29. Anna Dorothea of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein
7. Henriette Dorothea of Oettingen-Oettingen
30. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
15. Christiane Friederike of Württemberg
31. Anna Katharina, Wild- and Rheingräfin of Salm-Kyrburg
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 04 Apr 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/reuss.html
http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/wied.html
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https://www.jstor.org/action/doBasicSearch?Query=%22Charles+Christian,+Prince+of+Nassau-Weilburg%22&acc=on&wc=on
http://www.biografischportaal.nl/en/persoon/58928319
https://d-nb.info/gnd/11688410X
http://isni.org/isni/0000000020096872
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p070851859
https://viaf.org/viaf/775414
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/viaf-775414
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