Charles Anthony Schott (* August 7, 1826 in Mannheim; † July 31, 1901 in Washington, D.C.) was a German-American scientist.
Charles Anthony Schott was born at Mannheim, Baden, Germany. In 1847 he was graduated from the Polytechnic School, at Karlsruhe. The following year he came to America and entered the Coast and Geodetic Survey. In 1853 he received his naturalization papers as an American citizen, and in 1856 he was promoted to the grade of an assistant in the service. Mr. Schott was a member of the Government parties that observed the total eclipse of the sun in August, 1869, at Springfield, Illinois, and at Catania, Sicily, in December, 1870.
In 1898 he was a delegate to the International Conference on Terrestrial Magnetism, which was held at Bristol, England. Mr. Schott was a member of many scientific societies, among them the National Academy of Sciences, Washington Academy of Sciences, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was also the author of many papers on hydrography, geodesy, tides, and meteorology, and physics of the globe in Smithsonian Institution publications. The French Academy conferred on him its highest honor – a medal for his researches in terrestrial magnetism.