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Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg

Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg Queen consort of Denmark

Queen consort of Denmark
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Queen consort of Denmark
A.K.A. Queen Caroline Amalie of Denmark
Was Consort Musician Composer
From Germany Denmark
Type Music
Gender female
Birth 28 June 1796, Copenhagen, Denmark
Death 9 March 1881, Amalienborg, Denmark (aged 84 years)
Star sign CancerCancer
Family
Mother: Princess Louise Auguste of Denmark
Father: Frederick Christian II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Siblings: Christian August II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-AugustenburgPrince Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Spouse: Christian VIII of Denmark
Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
The details
Biography

Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (28 June 1796 – 9 March 1881) was queen consort of Denmark as the second spouse of King Christian VIII between 1839 and 1848.

Life

Portrait of the Queen Caroline Amalie in her youth, 1816

Early life

Caroline Amalie was the daughter of Frederick Christian II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, and Princess Louise Auguste of Denmark, the only daughter of Christian VII and his British wife, Queen Caroline Matilde, whom she was named after. She was born in Copenhagen and lived there until 1807, when she moved with her family to Augustenborg. She was given a conventional education for an upper class female of her time.

In the conflict between her parents, who disagreed politically and personally, she sided with her mother, who retained a close relationship with her brother, the king of Denmark, and the Danish court.

Marriage

Her mother who introduced her to the heir apparent to the Danish throne, the future Christian VIII, and encouraged them to marry. Reportedly, Caroline Amalie fell in love with Christian, who found her attractive.

Christian had divorced his first spouse Charlotte Fredericka of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1810 on grounds of adultery. In 1814, he had just returned to Denmark after his abdication of the Norwegian throne. The same year, Christian and Caroline Amalie were engaged. The wedding took place in 1815.

Between 1816 and 1817, the couple lived in Odense, where Christian served as Governor of Fionia. Between 1818 and 1822, they undertook numerous trips through Europe together. They visited various resorts in an attempt to cure their inability to have children. Christian devoted himself to the sciences, mineralogy and geology in particular. While Christian became celebrated for his scientific interests, Caroline Amalie was a composer who wrote numerous piano pieces.

The personal relationship between Caroline Amalie and Christian was described as harmonious and as an image of the contemporary ideal of marriage. Her acceptance of her spouse's infidelity was regarded as something suitable and appropriate within contemporary gender roles. Her amiable personality made her respected and well liked by the rest of the royal house, and she is described as a good stepmother of her stepson Frederick.

Queen

Anointing of Christian VIII and Queen Caroline Amalie on 28 June 1840 in Frederiksborg Palace Chapel. Oil painting by Joseph-Désirée Court (1841).

In 1839, when King Frederick VI died, Caroline Amalie, as the wife of Christian VIII, became Queen of Denmark. She was considered instrumental in the pro-German party on the matter of the duchies of Schleswig-Holstein.

Early on, Caroline Amalie was active within philanthropy. She founded the poor house Dronning Caroline Amalies Asyl in Copenhagen in 1829, the poor house Dronningens Asyl in Odense in 1836, the Kvindelig Plejeforening for sick and women in childbirth in 1843. Her charitable projects for poor orphans gave her the name "The Poor Children's Mother" and "The Royal Foster mother of the Little Ones". As hereditary princess and later as queen, she used her position to launch the charitable role as a role model for the female members of the nobility and upper classes, which called for upper-class women to be actively involved in society through philanthropy. By doing so, women found a public and political role acceptable to combine with the popular 19th-century role of a Christian wife and mother in Danish society. Her introduction of a new role model for women is considered to have had great impact on Danish society.

Caroline Amalie was a follower of the religious ideas of N. F. S. Grundtvig, whose movement she actively supported, such as the Grundtvigian priests P.O. Boisen and Peder Rørdam. In 1841, she founded an orphanage, Dronning Caroline Amalies Asylskole, whose school was inspired by the ideas of Grundtvig. She was not described as an intellectual herself, however she regarded it as a duty to introduce the representatives of art and literature at court and act as their supporter.

It is not clear whether or not she ever exerted any influence in state affairs. During the conflict between Denmark and the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, her brothers, Christian August of Augustenborg and Frederick of Nør, came to be in opposition against Christian VIII and Denmark. This caused a difficult situation for Caroline Amalie, who was suspected for conspiring with her brothers against Danish interests, especially by the nationalistic liberals in Copenhagen. This made her unpopular and exposed to some hostility during the last years of Christian's reign.

Queen Dowager

Caroline Amalie became a widow in 1848 and survived her spouse for more than thirty years. She took up residence at Sorgenfri Castle north of Copenhagen, but due to ill health she preferred to spend winters in southern Europe. She also outlived her stepson by seventeen years. Hence she lived to see Christian IX become king with her niece Louise of Hesse-Kassel as queen.

During her life as a queen dowager, she enjoyed more popularity than she did as queen. She continued with her charitable projects: in 1852, she took over as protector of the charitable women's society Det Kvindelige Velgørende Selskab after queen dowager Marie, and in 1863, she encouraged queen Louise to open the deaconess institution.

She died in 1881 and was buried at Roskilde Cathedral next to Christian VIII.

Ancestry

16. Prince Frederick William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
16. Prince Frederick William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
8. Christian August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
17. Countess Sofie Amalie of Ahlefeld
4. Frederick Christian I, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
18. Christian Gyldenlove, Count of Danneskiöld-Samsöe
9. Countess Frederikke Louise of Danneskiöld-Samsöe
19. Countess Charlotte Amalie of Danneskjöld-Laurvig
2. Frederick Christian II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
20. Prince Christian Charles of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg
10. Frederick Charles, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön
21. Dorothea Christina of Aichelberg
5. Princess Charlotte Amalie Wilhelmine of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön
22. Christian Detlev, Count of Reventlow
11. Countess Christiane Irmgard of Reventlow
23. Benedicte Margrethe Brockdorff
1. Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
24. Christian VI of Denmark
12. Frederick V of Denmark
25. Margravine Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
6. Christian VII of Denmark
26. George II of Great Britain
13. Princess Louise of Great Britain
27. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
3. Princess Louise Auguste of Denmark
28. George II of Great Britain (= 26)
14. Frederick, Prince of Wales
29. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach (= 27)
7. Princess Caroline Matilda of Great Britain
30. Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
15. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
31. Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
16. Prince Frederick William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
8. Christian August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
17. Countess Sofie Amalie of Ahlefeld
4. Frederick Christian I, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
18. Christian Gyldenlove, Count of Danneskiöld-Samsöe
9. Countess Frederikke Louise of Danneskiöld-Samsöe
19. Countess Charlotte Amalie of Danneskjöld-Laurvig
2. Frederick Christian II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
20. Prince Christian Charles of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg
10. Frederick Charles, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön
21. Dorothea Christina of Aichelberg
5. Princess Charlotte Amalie Wilhelmine of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön
22. Christian Detlev, Count of Reventlow
11. Countess Christiane Irmgard of Reventlow
23. Benedicte Margrethe Brockdorff
1. Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
24. Christian VI of Denmark
12. Frederick V of Denmark
25. Margravine Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
6. Christian VII of Denmark
26. George II of Great Britain
13. Princess Louise of Great Britain
27. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
3. Princess Louise Auguste of Denmark
28. George II of Great Britain (= 26)
14. Frederick, Prince of Wales
29. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach (= 27)
7. Princess Caroline Matilda of Great Britain
30. Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
15. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
31. Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
8. Christian August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
17. Countess Sofie Amalie of Ahlefeld
4. Frederick Christian I, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
18. Christian Gyldenlove, Count of Danneskiöld-Samsöe
9. Countess Frederikke Louise of Danneskiöld-Samsöe
19. Countess Charlotte Amalie of Danneskjöld-Laurvig
2. Frederick Christian II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
20. Prince Christian Charles of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg
10. Frederick Charles, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön
21. Dorothea Christina of Aichelberg
5. Princess Charlotte Amalie Wilhelmine of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön
22. Christian Detlev, Count of Reventlow
11. Countess Christiane Irmgard of Reventlow
23. Benedicte Margrethe Brockdorff
1. Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
24. Christian VI of Denmark
12. Frederick V of Denmark
25. Margravine Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
6. Christian VII of Denmark
26. George II of Great Britain
13. Princess Louise of Great Britain
27. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
3. Princess Louise Auguste of Denmark
28. George II of Great Britain (= 26)
14. Frederick, Prince of Wales
29. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach (= 27)
7. Princess Caroline Matilda of Great Britain
30. Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
15. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
31. Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.kvinfo.dk/side/597/bio/590/origin/170/
http://www.kongernessamling.dk/en/rosenborg/person/caroline-amalie/
https://d-nb.info/gnd/130818267
http://isni.org/isni/0000000066891089
https://viaf.org/viaf/77428936
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/77428936
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