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Carola of Vasa

Carola of Vasa Queen of Saxony

Queen of Saxony
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Queen of Saxony
A.K.A. Karola Vasa von Holstein-Gottorp, Princess of Sweden
Was Queen
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender female
Birth 5 August 1833, Schönbrunn Palace, Austria
Death 15 December 1907, Dresden, Germany (aged 74 years)
Star sign LeoLeo
Family
Mother: Princess Louise Amelie of Baden
Father: Gustav, Prince of Vasa
Spouse: Albert of Saxony
The details
Biography

Carola of Vasa (Karoline Frederikke Franziska Stephanie Amalia Cecilia; 5 August 1833 at Schönbrunn – 15 December 1907 at Dresden) was a titular princess of Sweden, and the queen consort of Saxony. She was the last Queen of Saxony.

Background

She was the daughter of the former Crown Prince Gustav of Sweden and Princess Louise Amelie of Baden, and a granddaughter of King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden who had been deposed in 1809.

In the early 1850s, she was considered one of the most beautiful princesses of Europe. Suitors were not lacking, and there had been plans for her to marry Napoléon III, Emperor of the French. She was a cousin of the Emperor's through her maternal grandmother Stéphanie de Beauharnais, also the adoptive daughter of Napoleon I and a Princess of the First French Empire. Her father was against the marriage due to the volatile political situation in France and his dynasty's historical dispute with the Bonaparte dynasty. 20 years later, when Napoleon III fell from power, her father is quoted as saying, "I foresaw that correctly!"

Crown princess

Carola of Vasa, at the time Crown Princess of Saxony
Carola at age 17
Carola - Crown Princess of Saxony, 1860s

In 1852, against her father's wishes, Carola converted to Catholicism. On 18 June 1853, Carola married in Dresden, Crown Prince Albert of Saxony. Their marriage was childless, although she suffered many miscarriages. Her closest heirs were: in paternal side, Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden (1857–1928), son of her first cousin; and her first cousin King Carol I of Romania (1839–1914) in maternal side.

She had a good relationship to her parents-in-law and was described as their support during difficult times. Already as a crown princess, Carola began the activity within social issues which she would continue as a queen. In 1866, she visited Saxony's field hospitals in Vienna, where she made herself known as a good samaritan. In 1867, she founded the Albert commission, which contributed to the medical care of the German army during the war of 1870-71. For her work, she was decorated with the Prussian Luisen-Orden and the Saxon Order of Sidonia. In 1871, she accompanied Albert to Compiègne after the defeat of France, where she entertained the officers of the victorious armies as a popular hostess.

Queen

In 1873, her spouse succeeded his father as King Albert I, making Carola queen. In 1884, the deposed Vasa dynasty made peace with the new Swedish Bernadotte dynasty through her, when the remains of her grandfather, king Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden, her father and her brother Ludvig were taken to Stockholm and interred in the royal crypt. In 1888, Carola and her spouse made an official visit to Sweden.

Queen Carola made an important contribution to the health care organisation in Saxony. In 1867, as Crown princess, she and Marie Simon founded the Albert-Verein. She founded a wet nurse school at Leipziger Tor (1869), the hospital "Carola-Haus" (1878), the women employment agency Johannes-Verein (1876), a women's school in Schwarzenberg (1884), the home "Gustavheim" for the old, sick and weak in Niederpoyritz (1887), the school Lehrertöchterheim Carola-Stift Klotzsche (1892) and the home for handicapped Amalie hus Löbtau, Friedrichstadt (1896). Carola was a popular queen. She was widowed in 1902.

She was the 499th Dame of the Royal Order of Queen Maria Luisa.

At the time of her death, she was the last surviving grandchild of Gustaf IV Adolf.

Issue

  • A miscarriage of a daughter in the 4th month of pregnancy (19 December 1853).
  • A miscarriage of a daughter in the 6th month of pregnancy (16 August 1854).
  • A miscarriage in the 1st month of pregnancy (22 January 1855).
  • A miscarriage of a son in the 4th and a half month of pregnancy (17 January 1856).
  • A miscarriage in the 1st month of pregnancy (4 December 1856).
  • A miscarriage in the 1st month of pregnancy (30 January 1857).
  • A miscarriage in the 1st month of pregnancy (30 March 1857).
  • A miscarriage of a son in the 5th and a half month of pregnancy (11 January 1858).
  • A miscarriage of a son in the 4th and a half month of pregnancy (20 March 1859).
  • A miscarriage in the 1st month of pregnancy (30 March 1860).

Ancestry

16. Adolf Frederick of Sweden
16. Adolf Frederick of Sweden
8. Gustav III of Sweden
17. Princess Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
4. Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
18. Frederick V of Denmark
9. Princess Sophia Magdalena of Denmark
19. Princess Louise of Great Britain
2. Gustav, Prince of Vasa
20. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
10. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
21. Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
5. Princess Frederica of Baden
22. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
11. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
23. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
1. Carola of Vasa
24. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden (= 20)
12. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden (= 10)
25. Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 21)
6. Charles, Grand Duke of Baden
26. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 22)
13. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 11)
27. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken (= 23)
3. Princess Louise Amelie of Baden
28. Claude de Beauharnais, comte des Roches-Baritaud
14. Claude de Beauharnais, comte des Roches-Baritaud
29. Marie-Anne Mouchard de Chaban
7. Stéphanie de Beauharnais
30. Claude, marquis de Lézay-Marnézia
15. Claudine Françoise de Lézay-Marnézia
31. Marie-Claudine de Nettancourt, dame de Vaubécourt
16. Adolf Frederick of Sweden
8. Gustav III of Sweden
17. Princess Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
4. Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
18. Frederick V of Denmark
9. Princess Sophia Magdalena of Denmark
19. Princess Louise of Great Britain
2. Gustav, Prince of Vasa
20. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
10. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
21. Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
5. Princess Frederica of Baden
22. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
11. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
23. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
1. Carola of Vasa
24. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden (= 20)
12. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden (= 10)
25. Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 21)
6. Charles, Grand Duke of Baden
26. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 22)
13. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 11)
27. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken (= 23)
3. Princess Louise Amelie of Baden
28. Claude de Beauharnais, comte des Roches-Baritaud
14. Claude de Beauharnais, comte des Roches-Baritaud
29. Marie-Anne Mouchard de Chaban
7. Stéphanie de Beauharnais
30. Claude, marquis de Lézay-Marnézia
15. Claudine Françoise de Lézay-Marnézia
31. Marie-Claudine de Nettancourt, dame de Vaubécourt
8. Gustav III of Sweden
17. Princess Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
4. Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
18. Frederick V of Denmark
9. Princess Sophia Magdalena of Denmark
19. Princess Louise of Great Britain
2. Gustav, Prince of Vasa
20. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
10. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
21. Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
5. Princess Frederica of Baden
22. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
11. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
23. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
1. Carola of Vasa
24. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden (= 20)
12. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden (= 10)
25. Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 21)
6. Charles, Grand Duke of Baden
26. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 22)
13. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 11)
27. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken (= 23)
3. Princess Louise Amelie of Baden
28. Claude de Beauharnais, comte des Roches-Baritaud
14. Claude de Beauharnais, comte des Roches-Baritaud
29. Marie-Anne Mouchard de Chaban
7. Stéphanie de Beauharnais
30. Claude, marquis de Lézay-Marnézia
15. Claudine Françoise de Lézay-Marnézia
31. Marie-Claudine de Nettancourt, dame de Vaubécourt
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://deepl.com
https://translate.google.com/
http://www.ub.gu.se/fasta/laban/erez/kvinnohistoriska/tidskrifter/idun/1888/pdf/1888_28.pdf
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb105446145
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb105446145
https://d-nb.info/gnd/119272946
http://isni.org/isni/0000000059588882
https://rkd.nl/en/explore/artists/448874
https://viaf.org/viaf/45107882
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/viaf-45107882
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