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Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Claus

Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Claus

German zoologist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German zoologist
A.K.A. Claus
Countries German Confederation German Empire
Occupations Zoologist University teacher Carcinologist
Gender male
Birth 2 January 1835 (Kassel)
Death 18 January 1899 (Vienna)
Education University of Marburg
The details
Biography

Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Claus (2 January 1835 – 18 January 1899) was a German zoologist. He was an opponent of the ideas of Ernst Haeckel.

Biography

Claus studied at the University of Marburg and the University of Gießen with Rudolf Leuckart. He worked at the university of Würzburg. In 1863, he became professor of zoölogy at Marburg, in 1870 at Göttingen and in 1873 at Vienna. He was head of the oceanographic research station in Trieste and was specialized on marine zoology and there his interest was focused on crustaceans. During his research on cell biology he coined the word phagocyte.

He is known for the fact that Sigmund Freud started his studies on the yet unsolved eel life history.

Works

Of his numerous works, the following are important:

  • Die freilebenden Copepoden (1863);
  • Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Ostracoden (1868);
  • Grundzüge der Zoölogie (1868) [1];
  • Ueber den Bau und die Entwicklung der Cumaceen (1870);
  • Die Metamorphose der Squilliden (1872);
  • Ueber die Entwicklung Organisation und systematische Stellung der Arguliden (1875);
  • Lehrbuch der Zoölogie [2] (6th ed., 1897; trans. into English, under the title of Text-book of Zoölogy, by Claus and Sedgwick, London, 1897 [3]).
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References
http://www.berlinonline.de/berliner-zeitung/archiv/.bin/dump.fcgi/2004/1020/feuilleton/0027/index.html
http://www.expertensprechen.de/
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w6j97f4q
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb10212344n
http://isni.org/isni/0000000109150513
http://www.wno.org/newpages/sci02b.html
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb10212344n
https://www.idref.fr/087567911
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nr00018906
https://d-nb.info/gnd/116539585
https://archive.org/details/elementarytextbo01claurich
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