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Burton M. Cross

Burton M. Cross

Governor of Maine
Burton M. Cross
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Governor of Maine
A.K.A. Burton Melvin Cross
Was Politician
From United States of America
Type Politics
Gender male
Birth 12 November 1902, Gardiner, USA
Death 22 October 1998, Augusta, USA (aged 96 years)
Star sign ScorpioScorpio
Politics Maine Republican Party, Republican Party
The details

Biography

Burton Melvin Cross (November 15, 1902 – October 22, 1998) was a Maine Republican businessman and politician. Cross was Maine's 61st and 63rd Governor

Biography

Born in Gardiner, Maine on November 15, 1902, Cross graduated from Augusta's Cony High School in 1920, and became a florist in Augusta.

In 1933, Cross won a seat on the Augusta Common Council and in 1937 he was elected to the Board of Aldermen, and he served as presiding officer of both bodies. He won a seat in the Maine House of Representatives in 1941, where he served two terms before winning election to the Maine Senate in 1945. He became majority floor leader in 1947 and served as President of the Senate from 1949 to 1952.

In 1952, Cross won the Republican nomination for Governor and went on to defeat Democrat James Oliver in the general election by a substantial margin. Cross actually became Governor about two weeks prior to the start of his elected term of office when Governor Frederick G. Payne resigned on December 25, 1952 to prepare for his upcoming term in the United States Senate; Cross, as President of the Senate became Governor through constitutional succession. Cross' term as Senate President (and Governor) expired at 10:00am on January 7, 1953, allowing Senator Nathaniel M. Haskell as the newly elected president of the Senate to serve as governor for 25 hours. At 11:00am on January 8, 1953, Cross' official elected term of office began

During Cross's term, the state highway commission was reorganized under a full time commissioner, and the state finance office was modernized and brought under closer control of the governor. The state liquor commission was also restructured, following a controversy in which commissioners and employees were accused of accepting bribes from distributors in exchange for carrying certain brands at state-owned liquor stores. Cross also caused dissension in Republican ranks with some of his appointments, including naming an attorney who was a political supporter to the superior court and then to the state supreme court, passing over judges then currently serving on lower courts, and appointing another supporter with minimal law enforcement experience to fill a vacant sheriff's position ahead of the candidate preferred by the party and the voters of the county.

Although personally exonerated in the liquor scandal, a politically wounded Cross was defeated in his reelection bid in 1954 by Democratic challenger, Edmund S. Muskie, by over 20,000 votes. Cross never sought public office again but returned to private life as an insurance and stock broker until his retirement in 1971.

Death and burial

Cross died in Augusta on October 22, 1998; he was buried at Forest Grove Cemetery in Augusta.

Family

Cross was married to Olena R. Moulton; they were the parents of two children.

Legacy

In 2001, after major renovations, the Maine State Office Building was dedicated to Cross. A plaque in his honor is located in the second floor lobby.

Sources

Internet

Newspapers

Political offices
Preceded by
Frederick G. Payne
61st Governor of Maine
1952–1953
Succeeded by
Nathaniel M. Haskell
Preceded by
Nathaniel M. Haskell
63rd Governor of Maine
1953–1955
Succeeded by
Edmund S. Muskie
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 10 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://lldc.mainelegislature.org/Open/LegRec/_96/House/LegRec_1953-01-07_HP_p0010-0026.pdf
http://lldc.mainelegislature.org/Open/Laws/1953/Laws1953_p0981-0989_Inaugural_Address_Cross.pdf
http://maineanencyclopedia.com/burton-m-cross/
https://www.nga.org/cms/home/governors/past-governors-bios/page_maine/col2-content/main-content-list/title_cross_burton.html
https://www.newspapers.com/image/148355266/
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118062159X
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2012038854
https://viaf.org/viaf/251078596
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/251078596
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