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Bogislaw von Bonin

Bogislaw von Bonin German Wehrmacht officer

German Wehrmacht officer
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German Wehrmacht officer
A.K.A. ボギスラフ・フォン・ボニーン
Countries Germany
Occupations Journalist Opinion journalist
Type Journalism
Gender male
Birth 17 January 1908 (Potsdam)
Death 13 August 1980 (Lehrte)
Bogislaw von Bonin
The details
Biography

Bogislaw Oskar Adolf Fürchtegott von Bonin (January 17, 1908, Potsdam – August 13, 1980, Lehrte near Hannover) was a German Wehrmacht officer and journalist.

Early life

Bonin was born in Potsdam, Brandenburg, and joined the 4. Reiterregiment (4th Cavalry Regiment) of the German Reichswehr in 1926. From October 1927 to August 1928, he received officer training at the School of Infantry, Dresden, together with Claus von Stauffenberg and Manfred von Brauchitsch, and was promoted to Lieutenant in 1930. In 1937-1938, he attended the War Academy (Kriegsakademie) in Berlin and became a member of the Army High Command in 1938.

World War II

In 1943, he was the chief of staff of the XIV Panzer Corps in Sicily and for a short time Chief of Staff of the LVI Panzer Corps of the 1st Hungarian Army in 1944. He attained the rank of Colonel and became the Chief of the Operational Branch of the Army General Staff (Generalstab des Heeres).

Arrest

On 16 January 1945, Bonin gave Heeresgruppe A permission to retreat from Warsaw during the Soviet Vistula-Oder Offensive, rejecting a direct command from Adolf Hitler for them to hold fast. He was arrested by the Gestapo on 19 January 1945 and imprisoned first at Flossenbürg concentration camp and then Dachau concentration camp.

With several family members (Sippenhäftlingen) of the July 20 plot and other notable prisoners such as Léon Blum, Kurt Schuschnigg, Hjalmar Schacht, Franz Halder and Fritz Thyssen, he was transferred to the Tyrol but the transfer ended up delivering them to Niederdorf (Villabassa) in the South Tyrol.

On 30 April 1945, he managed to contact senior Wehrmacht officers who dispatched an overwhelming force of regular German troops to intimidate the SS guards into abandoning their position and leaving the prisoners behind. The Wehrmacht freed the prisoners and then assisted them in being accommodated at the Pragser Wildsee Hotel south of Niederdorf until US troops marched into Niederdorf on 4 May 1945

Post World War II

Bonin became a prisoner of war and started working as a freight forwarder in 1947, but later on for Daimler Benz. In 1952, he joined the "Amt Blank" (Bureau Blank, named after its director Theodor Blank), the predecessor of the later Federal Ministry of Defence, as the head of the subdivision "military planning", to map out a strategy for the German contribution to the European Defence Community. However, he came into conflict with the Adenauer government, as he favoured a more neutral or independent German policy. In 1955, before the German Bundeswehr was established, Bonin was released and became a journalist.

Bonin died in Lehrte.

Awards

  • German Cross in Gold on 14 January 1942 as Major im Generalstab in the 17. Panzer-Division
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Sources
References
http://www.archivpragserwildsee.com/?cat=2&lang=1&cont=21
http://www.archivpragserwildsee.com/viewpic.php?pic=http://www.archivpragserwildsee.com/images/content/big_bonin.jpg
http://www.raetia.com/index.php?id=338
http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nr88009421
http://isni.org/isni/0000000381611980
https://www.bundesarchiv.de/oeffentlichkeitsarbeit/bilder_dokumente/00879/index-21.html.de
https://www.bundesarchiv.de/oeffentlichkeitsarbeit/bilder_dokumente/00879/index-23.html.de
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118513273
https://web.archive.org/web/20061129104629/http://www.ifdt.de/0101/Artikel/Theiler.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20090110032845/http://www.raetia.com/index.php?id=1129
https://viaf.org/viaf/261849318
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