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Binnya Ran II

Binnya Ran II King of Kingdom of Hanthawaddy

King of Kingdom of Hanthawaddy
Binnya Ran II
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro King of Kingdom of Hanthawaddy
Was Monarch King
From Myanmar
Type Military Royals
Gender male
Birth 1469, Bago, Myanmar
Death 1526, Bago, Myanmar (aged 57 years)
Family
Father: Dhammazedi
Children: Smim HtawTakayutpi
The details

Biography

Binnya Ran II (Burmese: ဒုတိယ ဗညားရံ, [dṵtḭja̰ bəɲá jàɴ]; Mon: ဗညားရာံ; 1469–1526) the 17th king of the Kingdom of Hanthawaddy in Burma from 1492 to 1526. He was revered for his gentleness although his first act as king was to enforce the massacre of the kinsmen, putting all the royal offspring to death.

During the confusion of Binnya Ran's ascension, Mingyi Nyo of Toungoo who at the time was a vassal of Ava, without King Minkhaung II's permission, sent a probing raid into Hanthawaddy territory. Binnya Ran II sent in a retaliatory raid of the city of Toungoo itself. After the show of force, Hanthawaddy was free of any incursions.

In 1501, he assembled an army of thousands to travel up the Irrawaddy river to pay pilgrimage to the Shwezigon Pagoda at Pagan inside Ava's territory. When the king of Prome, a small kingdom wedged between Ava and Hanthawaddy, checked him, he replied: "I could conquer both you and Ava but I do not wish. I only wish to worship before the Shwezigon". He returned peacefully after having worshiped there.

Family

The king had at least four senior queens in 1495.

Queen Rank Issue Reference
Agga Thiri Maya Dewi Chief queen unknown
Maha Yaza Dewi Senior queen unknown
Atula Dewi Senior queen unknown
Yaza Dewi Senior queen unknown

The king had at least three sons: Heir-apparent Yazadipati, Taka Yut Pi (Taka Rat Pi), and Smim Htaw.

Historiography

Chronicles Birth–Death Age Reign Length of reign Reference
Slapat Rajawan c. 1446–1526/27 80 (81st year) 1491/92–1526/27 35
Mon Yazawin (Shwe Naw) 1468/69–1526/27 57 (58th year)
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 26 Apr 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://books.google.com/books?id=0A1LAQAAMAAJ
http://www.soas.ac.uk/sbbr/editions/file64387.pdf
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