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Bertha, Duchess of Brittany

Bertha, Duchess of Brittany

The basics
Quick Facts
Gender female
Family
Mother: Matilda FitzRoyDuchess of Brittany
Father: Conan IIIDuke of Brittany
Spouse: Alan1st Earl of RichmondOdoViscount of Porhoet
Children: Conan IVDuke of Brittany
The details
Biography

Bertha of Cornouaille ( fl. 1125-55), also known as Bertha of Brittany (Breton: Berthe Breizh), was hereditary Duchess of Brittany between 1148 until her death and Dowager Countess of Richmond. Bertha was the eldest daughter of Conan III of Brittany by Maude, the illegitimate daughter of King Henry I of England. She was the last member of the Breton House of Cornouaille to reign over Brittany.

Life

Bertha was the daughter of Duke Conan III of Brittany. She married the son of Stephen of Treguier, Alan the Black and she lived in England with Alan until his death in 1146. Alan would eventually become Earl of Richmond. After Alan's death she returned to Brittany as Dowager Countess of Richmond and eventually married Odo, Viscount of Porhoet. When her father Duke Conan III died, on his deathbed Conan III renounced Bertha's brother Hoèl as heir, and designated Bertha as his heiress. On Conan III's death she became hereditary Duchess of Brittany.

Family

In her first marriage, by 1138, Bertha was married to Alan le Noir Bertha and Alan had three children:

  • Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, b. 1138, their son and heir, as Duke of Brittany and Earl of Richmond
  • Constance, who married Alan III, Vicomte of Rohan
  • Enougen, abbess of St. Sulpice

Bertha married her second husband, Odo, Viscount of Porhoet in about 1148. Bertha and Odo had three children:

  • Geoffroy.
  • Adelaide (died in 1220), Abbess of Fontevrault
  • Alix, mistress of Henry II, King of England


Succession

Bertha died between 1158 and 1164, and with her death the ducal throne passed to her son Conan.


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