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Bernard VII, Lord of Lippe

Bernard VII, Lord of Lippe

Lord of Lippe
The basics
Quick Facts
Gender male
Birth December 4, 1428
Death April 2, 1511
Family
Father: Simon IVLord of Lippe
Children: Simon VCount of Lippe
The details
Biography

Bernard VII of Lippe (4 December 1428 – 2 April 1511) was the ruler of the Lordship of Lippe from 1429 until his death. Because of the many bloody feuds in which he was involved, he was nicknamed "the Bellicose". He is the longest-ever ruling European nobleman.

Life

He was the eldest son of Lord Simon IV of Lippe and his wife, Margaret of Brunswick-Grubenhagen. He inherited Lippe in 1429, before his first birthday. He stood under the regency and guardianship of his uncle Otto. After Otto died in 1446, his great-uncle Archbishop Dietrich II of Cologne, was appointed regent. Dietrich was represented in Lippe by his Amtmann, Johann Möllenbeck.

In 1444, Bernard VII concluded a treaty with Duke Adolph I of Cleves-Mark, in which he ceded to Adolph a 50% share in the city of Lippstadt, which had been mortgaged to Cleves. At the same time, he joined an alliance, which made him a party in the so-called Feud of Soest against Archbishop Dietrich II of Cologne. In 1447, Dietrich called in a Bohemian army, which devastated the county-side in Lippe and levelled the town of Blomberg to the ground. The Bohemians also besieged the cities of Lippstadt and Soest, but were unsuccessful.

After the feud had been settled in 1449, Bernard took up residence at Blomberg Castle. In 1468, he moved to Detmold, which at the time was the smallest city in Lippe, with only 350 inhabitants. He expanded the Detmold Castle; an inscription in the old castle tower dated 1470 is a reminder of this.

Bernard was involved in a large number of feuds against various enemies, with shifting alliances. In 1469, he supported Landgrave Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse against his brother Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse. On the other hand, in 1464, he supported his own brother, Prince-Bishop Simon III of Paderborn against Louis II of Lower Hesse when they fought the Hesse-Paderborn Feud about Calenberg Castle.

Marriage and issue

From his marriage to Anna, the daughter of Count Otto II of Holstein-Schauenburg, he had the following children:

  • Anna (b. c. 1450), married:
    1. Otto VI, Count of Hoya
    2. John II, Count of Nassau-Beilstein (d. 1513)
  • Margaret (b. c. 1452), married to John I, Count of Rietberg
  • Elisabeth (b. c. 1460), married:
    1. John II, Count of Spiegelberg
    2. Rudolf VII, Count of Diepholz
  • Ermengarda (c. 1460 – 24 August 1524), married Jobst I, Count of Hoya (1466–1507)
  • Simon V of Lippe (1471–1536), married:
    1. Walburga of Bronkhorst
    2. Magdalene of Mansfield-Mittelort
  • Bernard
  • Agnes

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