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Balthasar de Ayala
Jurisconsult and Judge Advocate General of the Royal Army in the Low Countries

Balthasar de Ayala

Balthasar de Ayala
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Jurisconsult and Judge Advocate General of the Royal Army in the Low Countries
A.K.A. Baltazar de Ayala
Was Philosopher Jurist Military personnel Lawyer Judge Advocate Noble
From Spain
Field Law Military Philosophy Royals
Gender male
Birth 1548, Antwerp, Arrondissement of Antwerp, Province of Antwerp, Belgium
Death 16 September 1584 (aged 36 years)
Notable Works
Three Books On the Law of War and on the Duties Connected with War and on Military Discipline  
The details (from wikipedia)


Balthazar Ayala (1548–1584) was a military judge in the Habsburg Netherlands during the opening decades of the Eighty Years' War who wrote an influential treatise on the law of war.


Ayala was born in Antwerp in 1548, the son of a Spanish cloth merchant, Gregorio Ayala, and his wife Agnes Rainalmia, a native of Cambrai. He studied at Leuven University, graduating licentiate of laws. On 27 May 1580 the Prince of Parma appointed him auditor general of the Army of Flanders.

On 20 January 1583, he was appointed master of requests in the Great Council of Mechelen, then sitting in Namur as a result of the unfolding Dutch Revolt. In 1584 he was royal commissioner for the renewal of the magistracy in Breda, Herentals and Lier. He died in Aalst on 1 September 1584, probably while acting in the same capacity there.

Of his five brothers, Grégoire was also military auditor and later a member of the Council of Brabant, and Philippe was entrusted with an embassy to Henri IV of France.


  • De jure et officiis bellicis et disciplina militari (Douai, Jean Bogard, 1582). Second edition, Antwerp, 1597.
    • English translation published in 1912 in the Carnegie Institution Classics of International Law series.
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 18 Sep 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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