Babukhan (fl. 1328) (Mongolian: Бабухан) was the wife of Emperor Taiding of the Yuan Dynasty, also known by his Mongolian name Yesün Temür.
Babukhan's father was Hanliucai'er, grandson of Anchen. She was established as empress in the third month of the first year of Taiding's reign (1324). Her husband died four years later in Shangdu and their son Ragibagh succeeded him with the reign name Tianshun. Babukhan ruled as regent with the title empress dowager. Soon after a minister named El Temür led a coup in Dadu and placed Tugh Temür, second son of Emperor Külüg Khan and king of Huai, on the throne as Wenzong. It is unknown what became of Tianshun after the war. Babukhan and all of Taiding's wives and concubines were taken into Tugh Temür's harem.