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August, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig

August, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig German prince

German prince
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German prince
A.K.A. August, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Zorbig
Was Noble Aristocrat
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 15 February 1655, Merseburg, Germany
Death 27 March 1715, Zörbig, Germany (aged 60 years)
Star sign AquariusAquarius
Family
Mother: Christiana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Father: Christian I, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg
Siblings: Christiane of Saxe-MerseburgSibilla Maria di Sassonia-MerseburgSophie Hedwig of Saxe-MerseburgChristian II, Duke of Saxe-MerseburgHeinrich, Duke of Saxe-MerseburgPhilipp, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt
Spouse: Hedwig of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Children: Christine Magdalen von Sachsen-ZorbigCaroline Auguste von Sachsen-ZorbigHedwig Eleanor von Sachsen-ZorbigGustav Friedrich von Sachsen-ZorbigAugust von Sachsen-Zorbig
The details
Biography

August, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig (Merseburg, 15 February 1655 – Zörbig, 27 March 1715), was a German prince and member of the House of Wettin.

He was the third but second surviving son of Christian I, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg and Christiana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.

Life

In order to provide his three younger sons with an income befitting their status, Duke Christian I, assigned to each of them before his death a small territory as appanage; however, these territories remained dependent on the senior Saxe-Merseburg line, and their sovereign powers were severely limited. August received the town of Zörbig in 1691 and founded the line of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig.

In consequence, August relocated his household from Alt-Stargard, which he had received from his father-in-law as a dowry, to Zörbig. His rule there caused the town to flourish in an exceptional manner. In particular, he continued the reconstruction measures started by his father in the region damaged by the Thirty Years' War.

In 1694 he ordered Schloss Zörbig to be rebuilt into a new and comfortable residence; however, August died before the works were finished. After his death, the castle was assigned to his widow Hedwig and their only surviving daughter Caroline as their residence.

Duke August died on 27 March 1715 at the age of 60. His body was conveyed to Merseburg and entombed in an ostentatious coffin made from tin in the princely crypt of Merseburg Cathedral. Since he had no surviving male heir, the territory of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig was reunited with the duchy of Saxe-Merseburg, and his appanage returned to the Saxe-Merseburg line represented by his nephew Maurice Wilhelm who, however, passed it to August's widow as a life estate.

Marriage and issue

On 1 December 1686 August married Hedwig of Mecklenburg-Güstrow in Güstrow. They had eight children:

  1. Christiane Magdalene (b. Zörbig, 11 March 1687 - d. Merseburg, 21 March 1689).
  2. Stillborn daughter (Alt-Stargard, Mecklenburg, 30 December 1689).
  3. Caroline Auguste (b. Zörbig, 10 March 1691 - d. Zörbig, 23 September 1743).
  4. Hedwig Eleonore (b. Zörbig, 26 February 1693 - d. Zörbig, 31 August 1693).
  5. Gustav Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig (b. Zörbig, 28 October 1694 - d. Zörbig, 24 May 1695).
  6. August, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig (b. Zörbig, 26 February 1696 - d. Zörbig, 26 March 1696).
  7. Stillborn twin sons (1707).
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Reference sources
References
http://sammlungen.ulb.uni-muenster.de/uo/content/pageview/1195851
http://www.thepeerage.com/p642.htm#i6414
https://d-nb.info/gnd/104174080
https://viaf.org/viaf/69363263
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/69363263
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