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Arsinoe III of Egypt

Arsinoe III of Egypt

Queen of Egypt
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Queen of Egypt
A.K.A. Arsinoe III Philopator
Countries Ancient Egypt
Occupations Monarch Queen regnant
Gender female
Birth 001 (Alexandria)
Death 001
Family
Mother: Berenice II of Egypt
Father: Ptolemy III Euergetes
Siblings: AlexandrePtolemy IV PhilopatorMagas of Egypt
Spouse: Ptolemy IV Philopator
Children: Ptolemy V Epiphanes
The details
Biography

Arsinoe III Philopator (Ancient Greek: Ἀρσινόη ἡ Φιλοπάτωρ, which means "Arsinoe the father-loving", 246 or 245 BC – 204 BC) was Queen of Egypt in 220 – 204 BC. She was a daughter of Ptolemy III and Berenice II. She was the first Ptolemaic queen to bear a child by her brother. Arsinoe and her spouse Ptolemy IV were loved and well respected by the Egyptian public.

Life

Between late October and early November 220 BC she was married to her brother, Ptolemy IV. She took active part in the government of the country, at least in the measure that it was tolerated by the all-powerful minister Sosibius.

In 217 BC, she accompanied Ptolemy IV along with 55,000 troops at the Battle of Raphia in Palestine against Antiochus the Great with 68,000 troops. Arsinoe may have commanded a section of the infantry phalanx. Both sides employed cavalry, elephants, and specialized troops such as archers, as well as traditional Macedonian phalanx. When the battle went poorly, she appeared before the troops and exhorted them to fight to defend their families. She also promised two minas of gold to each of them if they won the battle, which they did. No army again threatened Ptolemaic Egypt until Augustus fought Antony and Cleopatra at Actium almost two centuries later.

In summer, 204 BC, Ptolemy IV died. His two leading favorites, Agathocles and Sosibius, fearing that Arsinoe would secure the regency, had her murdered in a palace coup before she heard of her husband's death, thereby securing the regency for themselves.

Issue

Legacy

Eratosthenes wrote a manuscript called the Arsinoe, which is lost, the subject being a memoir of the queen. It is quoted by many ancient scholars.

Ancestry

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://www.tyndalehouse.com/Egypt/ptolemies/arsinoe_iii_fr.htm
https://d-nb.info/gnd/137885172
https://viaf.org/viaf/86055773
https://web.archive.org/web/20110716100948/http://www.tyndalehouse.com/Egypt/ptolemies/arsinoe_iii_fr.htm
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q40258
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/86055773
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