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Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria

Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria Austrian archduke

Austrian archduke
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Austrian archduke
A.K.A. Erzherzog Ludwig Viktor, Luziwuzi
Was Noble Aristocrat
From Austria
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 30 July 1842, Vienna, Austria
Death 18 January 1919, Schloss Klessheim, Austria (aged 76 years)
Star sign LeoLeo
Family
Mother: Princess Sophie of Bavaria
Father: Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
Siblings: Archduchess Maria Anna of AustriaMaximilian I of MexicoArchduke Karl Ludwig of AustriaFranz Joseph I of Austria
Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria
The details
Biography

Archduke Ludwig Viktor Joseph Anton of Austria (15 May 1842 – 18 January 1919) from the House of Habsburg was the youngest son born to Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Princess Sophie of Bavaria and younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.

Biography

Ludwig Viktor (r.) with his brothers Karl Ludwig, Franz Joseph and Maximilian

He was born in Vienna shortly after his sister Archduchess Maria Anna had died at four years of age, followed by a stillborn brother. His elder siblings included Emperor Franz Joseph, Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico and Archduke Karl Ludwig.

During the Revolutions of 1848 and the Vienna Uprising, pampered "Luziwuzi" with his royal family had to flee the Austrian capital, at first to Innsbruck, later to Olomouc. Ludwig Viktor pursued the usual military career and was appointed General of the Infantry, but had no intentions to interfere in politics. He rejected his brother Maximilian's ambitions in the Second Mexican Empire and especially plans to marry him to Princess Imperial Isabel, daughter of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil. Instead he concentrated on building up his own art collection and had Heinrich von Ferstel design and build the a city palace on the new Schwarzenbergplatz in Vienna, where Ludwig Viktor hosted homophile soirées.

Despite his mother's attempts to arrange a marriage for him with Duchess Sophie Charlotte in Bavaria, youngest sister of Empress Elisabeth, he remained a bachelor all his life. As a result of his very public homosexuality and transvestitism, culminating in a brawl at the Central Bathhouse Vienna, his brother Emperor Franz Joseph finally forbade him to stay in Vienna. The same emperor joked that he should be given a ballerina as adjutant to keep him out of trouble.

Ludwig Viktor retired to Klessheim Palace near Salzburg where he became known as a philanthropist and patron of the arts. He died in 1919, at the age of 76, and is buried at the Siezenheim cemetery. He was the last surviving grandchild of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor.

He was awarded Order of the White Eagle.

Titles and styles

  • 15 May 1842 – 18 January 1919 His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke Ludwig Victor of Austria

Ancestry

8. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
8. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
4. Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
9. Infanta Maria Louisa of Spain
2. Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
10. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
5. Princess Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
11. Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria
1. Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria
12. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
6. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
13. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
3. Princess Sophie of Bavaria
14. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
7. Princess Caroline of Baden
15. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
8. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
4. Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
9. Infanta Maria Louisa of Spain
2. Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
10. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
5. Princess Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
11. Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria
1. Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria
12. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
6. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
13. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
3. Princess Sophie of Bavaria
14. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
7. Princess Caroline of Baden
15. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
4. Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
9. Infanta Maria Louisa of Spain
2. Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
10. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
5. Princess Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
11. Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria
1. Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria
12. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
6. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
13. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
3. Princess Sophie of Bavaria
14. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
7. Princess Caroline of Baden
15. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
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Reference sources
References
https://web.archive.org/web/20070927175055/http://www.virtualvienna.net/community/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=60
http://www.virtualvienna.net/community/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=60
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/de:BLK%C3%96:Habsburg,_Franz_Karl_Joseph
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/de:BLK%C3%96:Habsburg,_Sophie_(geb._27._J%C3%A4nner_1805)
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/de:BLK%C3%96:Habsburg,_Franz_I.
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/de:BLK%C3%96:Habsburg,_Maria_Theresia_von_Neapel
https://books.google.com/books?id=AINPAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA94
https://www.hdbg.eu/biografien/web/index.php/detail?uid=1351
https://d-nb.info/gnd/121750418
http://isni.org/isni/0000000054893888
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2001043519
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