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Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria

Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria

Austrian archduchess
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Austrian archduchess
A.K.A. Marie-Elisabeth d'Autriche
Countries Austria
Occupations Politician
Gender female
Birth 13 February 1680 (Vienna, Linz)
Death 26 August 1741 (Morlanwelz, Mariemont, Belgium)
Star sign Aquarius
Family
Mother: Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg
Father: Leopold I of Belgium
Siblings: Archduchess Maria Magdalena of Austria (1689–1743)Maria Anna of AustriaArchduchess Maria Antonia of AustriaArchduchess Maria Theresa of AustriaCharles VI, Holy Roman EmperorJoseph I (Chaldean Patriarch)Archduke Leopold Joseph of Austria (1682–1684)
The details
Biography

Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (13 December 1680 in Linz – 26 August 1741 in Mariemont, Morlanwelz), was the governor of the Austrian Netherlands between 1725 and 1741.

Life

Maria Elisabeth was a daughter of Emperor Leopold I and Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg. She well educated and fluent in Latin, German, French and Italian. She never married.

Governor

In 1725, she was appointed Prince Eugene of Savoy's successor as the regent governor of the Austrian Netherlands by her brother, Charles VI.

Maria Elisabeth was described as a forceful administrator and a popular regent. Her independent politics, however, were not always appreciated in Vienna. She suspended the Ostend Company in 1727 and closed it in 1731.

She had enough financial means at her disposal to uphold an elaborate court which stimulated culture and music. Among others, she patronized Jean-Joseph Fiocco, her maestro di cappella who dedicated several oratorios to her between 1726 and 1738.

The architect Jean-Andre Anneessens designed the palace Mariemont for her, where she spent her summers.

Death

She died unexpectedly at Mariemont, upon which she was displayed at a public Lit-de-parade in Brussels 29 August. When she died at the age of 61, she was first buried in Brussels, but moved to Vienna in 1749, where she lies now in the Imperial Crypte next to her brother Charles.

Ancestors

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb125012452
http://isni.org/isni/0000000121019630
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb125012452
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118927426
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nr93023570
https://viaf.org/viaf/66341690
https://www.idref.fr/111859425
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q78598
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/66341690
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