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Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria

Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria

Austrian archduchess
Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Austrian archduchess
A.K.A. Marie-Elisabeth d'Autriche
Was Politician
From Austria
Type Politics
Gender female
Birth 13 February 1680, Vienna, Austria; Linz, Austria
Death 26 August 1741, Morlanwelz, Belgium; Mariemont, Belgium, Belgium (aged 61 years)
Star sign AquariusAquarius
Family
Mother: Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg
Father: Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Siblings: Archduchess Maria Magdalena of Austria (1689–1743)Maria Anna of AustriaMaria Antonia of AustriaArchduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (1684–1696)Charles VI, Holy Roman EmperorJoseph IArchduke Leopold Joseph of Austria (1682–1684)
The details

Biography

Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (13 December 1680 in Linz – 26 August 1741 in Mariemont, Morlanwelz), was the governor of the Austrian Netherlands between 1725 and 1741.

Life

Maria Elisabeth was a daughter of Emperor Leopold I and Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg. She well educated and fluent in Latin, German, French and Italian. She never married.

Governor

In 1725, she was appointed Prince Eugene of Savoy's successor as the regent governor of the Austrian Netherlands by her brother, Charles VI.

Maria Elisabeth was described as a forceful administrator and a popular regent. Her independent politics, however, were not always appreciated in Vienna. She suspended the Ostend Company in 1727 and closed it in 1731.

She had enough financial means at her disposal to uphold an elaborate court which stimulated culture and music. Among others, she patronized Jean-Joseph Fiocco, her maestro di cappella who dedicated several oratorios to her between 1726 and 1738.

The architect Jean-Andre Anneessens designed the palace Mariemont for her, where she spent her summers.

Death

She died unexpectedly at Mariemont, upon which she was displayed at a public Lit-de-parade in Brussels 29 August. When she died at the age of 61, she was first buried in Brussels, but moved to Vienna in 1749, where she lies now in the Imperial Crypte next to her brother Charles.

Ancestors

16. Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria (= 22)
16. Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria (= 22)
8. Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
17. Maria Anna of Bavaria (= 23, ≠9)
4. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
18. William V, Duke of Bavaria (= 26)
9. Maria Anna of Bavaria (≠ 17, 23)
19. Renata of Lorraine (= 27)
2. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
20. Philip II of Spain
10. Philip III of Spain
21. Anna of Austria
5. Maria Anna of Austria
22. Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria (= 16)
11. Margaret of Austria
23. Maria Anna of Bavaria (= 17, ≠9)
1. Maria Elisabeth of Austria
24. Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg
12. Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg
25. Anna of Cleves
6. Philip William, Elector Palatine
26. William V, Duke of Bavaria (= 18)
13. Magdalene of Bavaria
27. Renata of Lorraine (= 19)
3. Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
28. Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
14. George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
29. Magdalene of Brandenburg
7. Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
30. John George I, Elector of Saxony
15. Sophia Eleonore of Saxony
31. Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia
16. Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria (= 22)
8. Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
17. Maria Anna of Bavaria (= 23, ≠9)
4. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
18. William V, Duke of Bavaria (= 26)
9. Maria Anna of Bavaria (≠ 17, 23)
19. Renata of Lorraine (= 27)
2. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
20. Philip II of Spain
10. Philip III of Spain
21. Anna of Austria
5. Maria Anna of Austria
22. Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria (= 16)
11. Margaret of Austria
23. Maria Anna of Bavaria (= 17, ≠9)
1. Maria Elisabeth of Austria
24. Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg
12. Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg
25. Anna of Cleves
6. Philip William, Elector Palatine
26. William V, Duke of Bavaria (= 18)
13. Magdalene of Bavaria
27. Renata of Lorraine (= 19)
3. Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
28. Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
14. George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
29. Magdalene of Brandenburg
7. Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
30. John George I, Elector of Saxony
15. Sophia Eleonore of Saxony
31. Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia
8. Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
17. Maria Anna of Bavaria (= 23, ≠9)
4. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
18. William V, Duke of Bavaria (= 26)
9. Maria Anna of Bavaria (≠ 17, 23)
19. Renata of Lorraine (= 27)
2. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
20. Philip II of Spain
10. Philip III of Spain
21. Anna of Austria
5. Maria Anna of Austria
22. Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria (= 16)
11. Margaret of Austria
23. Maria Anna of Bavaria (= 17, ≠9)
1. Maria Elisabeth of Austria
24. Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg
12. Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg
25. Anna of Cleves
6. Philip William, Elector Palatine
26. William V, Duke of Bavaria (= 18)
13. Magdalene of Bavaria
27. Renata of Lorraine (= 19)
3. Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
28. Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
14. George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
29. Magdalene of Brandenburg
7. Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
30. John George I, Elector of Saxony
15. Sophia Eleonore of Saxony
31. Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://books.google.com/books?id=AINPAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA100
https://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/0001/bsb00016321/images/index.html?seite=101
https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/ppn118532529.html
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/de:BLK%C3%96:Habsburg,_Maria_Anna_von_Spanien
https://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/0001/bsb00016338/images/index.html?seite=398
https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/ppn118742221.html
https://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/0001/bsb00016321/images/index.html?seite=99
https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/ppn118532510.html
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/de:BLK%C3%96:Habsburg,_Maria_Anna_von_Bayern
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/de:BLK%C3%96:Habsburg,_Philipp_III.
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/de:BLK%C3%96:Habsburg,_Margaretha_(K%C3%B6nigin_von_Spanien)
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