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Archduchess Karoline Marie of Austria

Archduchess Karoline Marie of Austria

Austrian archduchess
The basics
Occupations Princess
Countries Austria
Gender female
Birth September 5, 1869 (Altmünster, Gmunden District, Upper Austria, Austria)
Death May 12, 1945 (Budapest, Central Hungary, Hungary)
Mother: Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1844–1899)
Father: Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria
Siblings: Archduke Leopold Salvator of AustriaArchduke Franz Salvator of AustriaArchduchess Maria Theresa of AustriaArchduchess Maria Immakulata of Austria
Spouse: Prince August Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Children: Prince Rainer of Saxe-Coburg and GothaPrincess Teresa Cristina of Saxe-Coburg and GothaPrince Philipp of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
The details

Archduchess Karoline Marie of Austria (German: Carolina Maria Immakulata Josepha Ferdinanda Therese Leopoldine Antoinette Franziska Isabella Luise Januaria Christine Benedikta Laurencia Justiniana, Erzherzogin von Österreich, Prinzessin von Toskana) (5 September 1869, Altmünster, Upper Austria, Austria–Hungary – 12 May 1945, Budapest, Hungary) was a member of the House of Habsburg-Tuscany and Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Tuscany by birth. Through her marriage to Prince August Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Karoline was also a member of the Koháry branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Karoline was the fourth child and second eldest daughter of Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria and his wife Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. She was Princess-Abbess of the Theresian Royal and Imperial Ladies Chapter of the Castle of Prague (1893-1894).

Marriage and issue

Karoline married Prince August Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, second eldest son of Prince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his wife Princess Leopoldina of Brazil, on 30 May 1894 in Vienna. Karoline and August had eight children together:

  1. August Clemens (b. Pola, 27 October 1895 - d. Gerasdorf, 22 September 1908).
  2. Klementine (b. Pola, 23 March 1897 - d. Lausanne, 7 January 1975), married on 17 November 1925 to Eduard von Heller.
  3. Maria Karoline (b. Pola, 10 January 1899 - d. Hartheim bei Linz, 6 June 1941). She had been living in an institution for the mentally disabled in Schladming, but was taken away and executed by gassing along with her fellow patients as a result of the Nazi eugenics policy, Action T4, in the concentration camp at Schloss Hartheim.
  4. Rainer (b. Pola, 4 May 1900 - d. after 7 January 1945 {believed to have been killed in action at Budapest}).
  5. Philipp (b. Walterskirchen, 18 August 1901 - 18 October 1985), married morganatically on 23 April 1944 to Sarah Aurelia Hálasz; their only son and their four grandchildren were barred from the succession of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary.
  6. Theresia (b. Walterskirchen, 23 August 1902 - d. Villach, 24 January 1990), married on 6 October 1930 to Lamoral, Freiherr von Taxis di Bordogna e Valnigra (Their descendants bore the surname Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança).
  7. Leopoldine (b. Schloß Gerasdorf, 13 May 1905 - d. Hungary, 24 December 1978).
  8. Ernst (b. Gerasdorf, 25 February 1907 - d. Gröbming, Styria, 9 June 1978), married morganatically on 4 September 1939 to Irmgard Röll. This marriage was childless.

Titles and styles

  • 5 September 1869 – 12 May 1945: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess Karoline Marie of Austria, Princess of Tuscany


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