|Intro||American fashion illustrator|
|Was||Artist Poster artist Fashion illustrator Painter Illustrator|
|From||United States of America|
|Type||Arts Creativity Fashion|
|Birth||11 February 1943, Utuado, Puerto Rico, USA|
|Death||17 March 1987, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California, USA (aged 44 years)|
Antonio Lopez (February 11, 1943 – March 17, 1987) was a fashion illustrator whose work appeared in such publications as Vogue, Harper's Bazaar, Elle, Interview and The New York Times. Several books collecting his illustrations have been published. In his obituary, the New York Times called him a "major fashion illustrator." He generally signed his works as "Antonio."
Antonio Lopez was born in Utuado, Puerto Rico. When he was seven years old, his family moved to New York City. His parents, Maria Luisa Cruz and Francisco Lopez influenced him to apply his artistic talents to fashion. He attended the Traphagen School of Fashion, the High School of Art and Design, and the Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT). Lopez graduated from Traphagen School of Fashion in 1955 in Illustration.
While attending F.I.T. as a student in 1962, he began an internship at Women's Wear Daily which led to him leaving school and working at the publication. Shortly afterward he left for a freelance position at the New York Times. He also did illustrations of fashion designs by Charles James.
Lopez worked in close collaboration with Juan Eugene Ramos, and for a few years they were romantic partners. In 1969 he moved to Paris along with Ramos and was an associate of Karl Lagerfeld; he stayed there until the mid-1970s.
Lopez was known for discovering talented young models who would become his muses, often referred to as “Antonio’s Girls”. Lopez discovered Jessica Lange in 1974. He discovered Jerry Hall and lived with her in Paris at the beginning of her modeling career. He “discovered” Warhol superstars Donna Jordan and Jane Forth, providing an important stepping stone for their budding careers. Lopez and Ramos also discovered Pat Cleveland, Grace Jones, and Tina Chow.
In additions to books of his fashion illustration, the book Antonio's Tales From the Thousand and One Nights was published in 1985. The book was the inspiration for Marc Jacobs' 2007 "Arabian Nights" event.
A book on the career of Antonio Lopez, Antonio Lopez: Fashion, Art, Sex, & Disco, by Roger Padilha and Mauricio Padilha (with a foreword by Andre Leon Talley and an epilogue by Anna Sui), was published by Rizzoli in September 2012.
Lopez explored themes of queer desire and race in his art through cultural references to subjects, such as Josephine Baker and The Wild One.
His circle of friends also included photographer Bill Cunningham; circa 1966 Antonio introduced him to photographer David Montgomery, who gave Cunningham his first camera.
Lopez died of Kaposi's Sarcoma as a complication of AIDS at UCLA Medical Center; he was living in New York but was in Los Angeles for an exhibition of his art at Robert Berman Gallery in Santa Monica; he was attended by his friend and model Susan Baraz.
His collaborator Juan Eugene Ramos survived until 1995, when he also died of AIDS.
Influence and legacy
Painter Paul Caranicas is president of the Antonio Lopez Foundation. The organization Focus on AIDS, which raises funds for AIDS research, care and education through photography auctions was founded in 1987 by Baraz and Vue magazine publisher Hossein Farmani in response to Lopez' death.
Lopez' art and photography were exhibited at Staley-Wise Gallery in New York in March–April 2000.
Designer Hannah MacGibbon cited Lopez as an inspiration for her Fall 2009 Ready-to-Wear Collection for Chloé.
Lopez' work was included in April 2009 exhibit "The Line of Fashion", curated by Robert Richards at the Society of Illustrators in association with the Leslie Lohman Gay Art Foundation.
Antonio's Tales from the Thousand & One Nights was an inspiration to fashion designer Suneet Varma's 2010 collection "The Pirates of Couture."
His work is also included in the exhibit "Drawing Fashion" at the Design Museum in London, England, running November 17, 2010- March 6, 2011.
Lopez was a major source of inspiration for fashion designer Anna Sui's Spring 2012 fashion collection.
Students at the Fashion Institute of Technology in New York City request his name at the library more than any other.
In 2013, MAC Cosmetics launched a campaign dedicated to Lopez. The ads for the campaign featured models Jerry Hall, Pat Cleveland and Marisa Berenson, who were all close friends with Lopez and were often called "Antonio's girls" early in their modeling careers.
In June 2016, the exhibit Antonio Lopez: Future Funk Fashion opened at El Museo del Barrio in New York City.
Lopez's artwork served as inspiration for japanese manga artist Hirohiko Araki, most of Lopez's work is often referenced, and even at times directly taken, in the covers and pin-ups featured in issues of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure. The design of Giorno Giovanna, one of the series' protagonists, was based on a design done by Lopez for the cover of New York Times.
- Lopez, Antonio; Hemphill, Christopher; Ramos, Juan; Amiel, Karen. Antonio's Girls (Thames and Hudson, 1982) ISBN 978-0-500-27265-7
- Burton, Richard; Lopez, Antonio; Finamore, Roy. Antonio's Tales from the Thousand & One Nights (Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1985) ISBN 978-0-941434-77-5
- Lopez, Antonio; Ramos, Juan Eugene. Antonio, 60, 70, 80: three decades in style (Munich: Schirmer/Mosel, 1995) ISBN 978-3-88814-759-3
- Caranicas, Paul; Lopez, Antonio. Antonio's people (Thames & Hudson, 2004) ISBN 978-0-500-28502-2
- Lopez, Antonio. Instamatics (Santa Fe: Twin Palms Publishers, 2011) ISBN 978-1-931885-94-2 Includes an interview of Antonio Lopez with Michael McKenzie, June 28, 1976
- Padilha, Roger; Padilha, Mauricio. Antonio Lopez: Fashion, Art, Sex, and Disco (Rizzoli, 2012) ISBN 978-0847837922
- Antonio Lopez 1970: Sex Fashion & Disco – written, produced and directed by James Crump. This feature documentary film shows Lopez and Ramos in the late 1960s and early 1970s in Paris and New York, and their colorful and sometimes outrageous milieu. Antonio Lopez 1970: Sex Fashion & Disco film features Jessica Lange, Grace Jones, Patti D'Arbanville, Jerry Hall, Karl Lagerfeld, Yves Saint Laurent, Joan Juliet Buck, Michael Chow (restaurateur), Tina Chow, Grace Coddington, Bill Cunningham (American photographer), Pat Cleveland, Bob Colacello, Jane Forth, Corey Tippin, Paul Caranicas and Donna Jordan among others.