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Antoine of Navarre
French king consort

Antoine of Navarre

Antoine of Navarre
The basics

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The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Antoine (in English, Anthony; 22 April 1518 – 17 November 1562) was the King of Navarre through his marriage (jure uxoris) to Queen Jeanne III, from 1555 until his death. He was the first monarch of the House of Bourbon, of which he was head from 1537. He was the father of Henry IV of France.

Family

Coat of Arms of Antoine de Bourbon and the Kings of Navarre

He was born at La Fère, Picardy, France, the second son of Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme (1489–1537), and his wife, Françoise d'Alençon (died 1550). He was the older brother of Louis, Prince of Condé (1530–1569).

Marriage

On 20 October 1548, at Moulins, he married Jeanne d'Albret, the daughter of Henry II of Navarre and his wife Margaret of Angoulême. After his father-in-law's death, he became King of Navarre, Count of Foix, of Bigorre, of Armagnac, of Périgord, and Viscount of Béarn. It was reported that Jeanne was much in love with him, but his subsequent actions show that he had little loyalty to her. The southern territory of the Kingdom of Navarre had been occupied by the Spanish since 1512, and Antoine tried to re-establish it. He was ready to sacrifice anything to his political interests.

Religion

Antoine appears not to have had real religious conviction and officially changed religions several times. His reconversion to Catholicism separated him from his wife and he threatened to repudiate her. He had an affair with Louise de La Béraudière de l'Isle Rouhet, "la belle Rouet," with whom he had a son, Charles III de Bourbon (1554–1610) who became archbishop of Rouen.

Although his brother Louis was the head of the Protestant faction, and his wife Jeanne III was likewise a convert to Calvinism who established Calvinism as the official religion of Navarre, Antoine spent most of his life fighting for the most staunchly Catholic King of France. Catherine de' Medici, regent for her son Charles IX, named him lieutenant general of the kingdom in 1561. When his wife allowed the Huguenots to sack the chapel of Vendôme and the churches of the town in 1562, he threatened to send her to a convent. She took refuge in Béarn.

Character

Antoine was vain and unstable. He often disappointed his followers and was manipulated by his superiors and out-witted by his adversaries.

Death

He laid siege to Rouen and was mortally wounded on 13 November 1562. He died at Les Andelys, Eure.

Children

With his wife, Jeanne III of Navarre, he had the following children:

With his mistress, Louise de La Béraudière de l'Isle Rouhet, King Anthony had a son named Charles. Charles was Archbishop of Rouen from 1554 until 1610.

Ancestors

16. Louis, Count of Vendôme
16. Louis, Count of Vendôme
8. John VIII, Count of Vendôme
17. Jeanne de Laval
4. François, Count of Vendôme
18. Louis de Beauvau, Seneschal of Anjou
9. Isabelle de Beauvau
19. Marguerite de Chambley
2. Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme
20. Louis, Count of Saint-Pol
10. Peter II, Count of Saint-Pol
21. Jeanne de Bar
5. Marie de Luxembourg
22. Louis, Duke of Savoy
11. Margaret of Savoy
23. Anne of Cyprus
1. Antoine of Navarre
24. John I of Alençon
12. John II of Alençon
25. Marie of Brittany
6. René of Alençon
26. John IV, Count of Armagnac
13. Marie of Armagnac
27. Isabella of Navarre
3. Françoise d'Alençon
28. Antoine of Vaudémont
14. Frederick II of Vaudémont
29. Marie d'Harcourt
7. Margaret of Lorraine
30. René of Anjou
15. Yolande, Duchess of Lorraine
31. Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine
16. Louis, Count of Vendôme
8. John VIII, Count of Vendôme
17. Jeanne de Laval
4. François, Count of Vendôme
18. Louis de Beauvau, Seneschal of Anjou
9. Isabelle de Beauvau
19. Marguerite de Chambley
2. Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme
20. Louis, Count of Saint-Pol
10. Peter II, Count of Saint-Pol
21. Jeanne de Bar
5. Marie de Luxembourg
22. Louis, Duke of Savoy
11. Margaret of Savoy
23. Anne of Cyprus
1. Antoine of Navarre
24. John I of Alençon
12. John II of Alençon
25. Marie of Brittany
6. René of Alençon
26. John IV, Count of Armagnac
13. Marie of Armagnac
27. Isabella of Navarre
3. Françoise d'Alençon
28. Antoine of Vaudémont
14. Frederick II of Vaudémont
29. Marie d'Harcourt
7. Margaret of Lorraine
30. René of Anjou
15. Yolande, Duchess of Lorraine
31. Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine
8. John VIII, Count of Vendôme
17. Jeanne de Laval
4. François, Count of Vendôme
18. Louis de Beauvau, Seneschal of Anjou
9. Isabelle de Beauvau
19. Marguerite de Chambley
2. Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme
20. Louis, Count of Saint-Pol
10. Peter II, Count of Saint-Pol
21. Jeanne de Bar
5. Marie de Luxembourg
22. Louis, Duke of Savoy
11. Margaret of Savoy
23. Anne of Cyprus
1. Antoine of Navarre
24. John I of Alençon
12. John II of Alençon
25. Marie of Brittany
6. René of Alençon
26. John IV, Count of Armagnac
13. Marie of Armagnac
27. Isabella of Navarre
3. Françoise d'Alençon
28. Antoine of Vaudémont
14. Frederick II of Vaudémont
29. Marie d'Harcourt
7. Margaret of Lorraine
30. René of Anjou
15. Yolande, Duchess of Lorraine
31. Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine

Patrilineal descent

Patrilineal descent

Antoine's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.

Patrilineal descent is the principle behind membership in royal houses, as it can be traced back through the generations - which means that if King Antoine were to choose an historically accurate house name it would be Robertian, as all his male-line ancestors have been of that house.

Antoine is a member of the House of Bourbon, a branch of the Capetian dynasty and of the Robertians.

Antoine's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son. It follows the Bourbon-Vendôme, the Kings of France, and the Counts of Paris and Worms. This line can be traced more than 1,200 years from Robert of Hesbaye to the present day, through Kings of France & Navarre, Spain and Two-Sicilies, Dukes of Parma and Grand-Dukes of Luxembourg, Princes of Orléans and Emperors of Brazil. It is one of the oldest in Europe.

  1. Robert II of Worms and Rheingau (Robert of Hesbaye), 770–807
  2. Robert III of Worms and Rheingau, 808–834
  3. Robert IV the Strong, 820–866
  4. Robert I of France, 866–923
  5. Hugh the Great, 895–956
  6. Hugh Capet, 941–996
  7. Robert II of France, 972–1031
  8. Henry I of France, 1008–1060
  9. Philip I of France, 1053–1108
  10. Louis VI of France, 1081–1137
  11. Louis VII of France, 1120–1180
  12. Philip II of France, 1165–1223
  13. Louis VIII of France, 1187–1226
  14. Louis IX of France, 1215–1270
  15. Robert, Count of Clermont, 1256–1317
  16. Louis I, Duke of Bourbon, 1279–1342
  17. James I, Count of La Marche, 1319–1362
  18. John I, Count of La Marche, 1344–1393
  19. Louis, Count of Vendôme, 1376–1446
  20. Jean VIII, Count of Vendôme, 1428–1478
  21. François, Count of Vendôme, 1470–1495
  22. Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, 1489–1537
  23. Antoine, King of Navarre, Duke of Vendôme, 1518–1562
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 22 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://archive.org/details/encyclopediaofwo0000unse_m4x6
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX1711969
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb144627211
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb144627211
https://d-nb.info/gnd/101988095
http://isni.org/isni/0000000109062484
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nr99015073
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p140304711
https://www.idref.fr/080846432
https://viaf.org/viaf/59307737
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-nr99015073
Sections Antoine of Navarre

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